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Vol. XII. JUNE, 1917. No. 2. 


Henry J, Beekley, M. D. 

The scene opens with the beginning years of the seventeenth 
century. The minor King, Louis XIII, son of the great 
Henry of Navarre, was seated on the throne of France. His 
Minister Cardinal Richelieu, had assumed the leadership of the 
nation, and was employed in consolidating the Oatholic inter- 
ests into a common cause against the Huguenots. Unable to 
endure the persecution longer, about the year of grace 1618, a 
certain Gervase Kertk, with his family and relatives aban- 
doned their home in the seaport town of Dieppe, Normandy, 
and fled to London, Kertk was a man well versed in the lore 
of tJie sea, and in London, by his sterling qualities, as well as 
ability soon attracted the attention of those interested in over- 
sea commerce. Soon he became associated with the Barkeley 
Brothers, William and Francis, wealthy merchants, who were 
deeply interested in the welfare of the East India, the Levant 
and Muscovite Companies, trading in the several directions 
indicated by their names. Later, we find Kertk acting with 
Sir William Alexander, afterwards Earl of Sterling, in a proj- 
ect of his for colonizing the maritime regions of Canada, after- 
wards known as Nova Scotia and by the French as La Cadie, 
Under a charter from King James, given in direct conflict with 



the anterior French, claims to tliis region^ Alexander settled a 
colony of Scotsmen there in 1622-23, and remained with them 
until the marriage of Charles I with the Princess Henrietta 
Maria, a sister of Louis XIII took place and the grant for the 
Nova Scotian Province was abrogated by the diplomacy 0/ 
Cardinal EichelieTi. 

The Kertks, naturally, were enraged at the treatment they 
had received in their native land, and their resentment was 
nourished and increased by the tales of the later Calvinists 
fleeing from France after the fall of La Eochelle, and the con- 
quest of other strongholds of the faith. 

The restoration of Acadia, with its beginning prospects for 
trade and profits further angered them. With their co-relig- 
ionists who had recently arrived in England, they planned ven- 
geance at the first opportunity. This was not long in coming. 
In 162'7 war was declared between England and France, leav- 
ing Canada and the maritime provinces open to attack by any 
enemy strong enough to subdue and hold the comparatively 
weak forts and towns along the shores of the coast and rivers. 
The Kertks associated with them in their venture Sir William 
Alexander and the brothers, Barkeley, whose facilities with 
shipping were an immediate and essential necessity to them, 
A Company of Merchant Adventurers was especially chartered 
for the purpose of reducing the Canadian Provinces, promoting 
trade there, and of holding them under Crown grants. Then 
an expedition of nine vessels was made ready, and as soon as the 
Spring opened, they sailed from the Port of London. Three of 
the sons of Gervase, David, John and James, were in command. 
The other captains were English, representing the monied inter- 
ests in the venture. They had with them a noted pilot of San 
Malo, a man by the name of Michel, an ardent Calvinist, who 
had suffered persecution for the faith. The Kertk brothers had 
all seen service in private companies as well as in the Eoyal 
fleet, where they had risen to the posts of Captains. 

The personnel of the sailors comprising the crews is interest- 
ing. They were mainly French and Basques, who on account of 


religious and other persecution had been driven away from their 
home ports. The vrhole equipment voiced two compelling pas- 
sions in the life of man — ^gain and revenge. 

As they neared the shores of the ITew World, they captured 
a Prench convoy laden with provisions and munitions of war, 
and destined for the relief of Quebec and Port EoyaL Among 
the booty were 135 pieces of heavy ordnance. These were sent 
back to London to be sold. The loss of the provisions was of 
greater importance to the French Colonists of Canada than the 
war material, as their stocks were depleted, and new supplies 
could not reach them for another year. In addition a consid- 
erable number of French and Basque fishing barques were 
taken. Had the Kertks energetically followed up their first 
advantage, they could have reduced the entire French colonies 
in a short season, as it was now devoid of any proper facilities 
for defense. 

Flushed with their victories the fleet separated, a part pro- 
ceeding to Cape Breton, St. John's and Port Eoyal, which they 
speedily captured. The other partj under James, John and the 
San Malo pilot, sailed to the Gulf of the St. Lawrence, reduced 
St. Anne, and then proceeded to Tadusac, at that date the most 
important trading station in this region, where they remained 
engaged in consolidating the fur trade. 

They sent a vessel to Quebec to demand the surrender of the 
fort from Champlain, but the brig after arriving there was 
driven back by adverse weather, and obliged to return. 

Leaving their conquests in the best state of defense possible 
for their return in the Spring, they set out for London to reap 
the reward of the venture. During the winter the vessels were 
refitted and with a considerably OTgmented fleet, as well as land 
forces to permanently hold the conquered territory, they sailed 
as soon as weather conditions permitted. The voyage seems to 
have been a prosperous one, and every vessel arrived safely at 
the rendezvous in the St. Lawrence Gulf. Sir William Alexan- 
der came with the fleet, also the fourth son of Gervase Kertk,. 
Lewis, destined to be governor of the affairs of Canada. On 



arriving in the St. Lawrence, a part of the fleet proceeded to the 
Acadian ports, and another part sailed to the trading post of 
Tadusac at the mouth of the Saguenay river. 

The French had not been idle. Charles la Tour, then Gov- 
ernor of Acadia^ had found means to send his father, Claude, 
back to France, to arouse the Company of an Hundred Asso- 
ciates, with Eichelieu at its head, to action against the invading 
English. Four vessels under the command of de Kochmond, 
the Admiral of the Company, were despatched in the Spring of 
1628, and arrived at Gaspe Koad after the Kertks had left there. 
Learning that the English flotilla was in the neighborhood, they 
sailed forth to meet them. Their coming was heralded to the 
English by a despatch boat which de Rochemond had sent to 
Champlain. This was taken in the St. Lawrence, and David 
Kertk's flotilla sallied out to encounter this fleet. The action 
was short and decisive: all the vessels of the French being 
quickly disabled in their rigging and compelled to strike their 
colors. Their commander, with la Tour, the passengers and 
portions of the crews were sent as prisoners of war to England. 
The Kertks were knighted for bravery in this victory, and after- 
wards assumed the anglicized cognomen of Kirke. 

David Kirke remained at Tadusac promoting trade, while 
his brothers continued up the river to Point Levi opposite 
Quebec. From there they sent an officer, under a flag of truce, 
to demand the surrender of the citadel and garrison. Cham- 
plain was in desperate straits, — it is recorded that only a 
single barrel of sour roots remained in the fort as provision, and 
his munitions were equally low — and was only too pleased to 
welcome the enemy. Most generous terms were offered by the 
English commander, and Champlain was entertained at Tadu- 
sac by David Kirke until a ship was made ready to convey him 
and his retinue, comprising " friars, Jesuits, two natives, bag- 
gage and weapons to England. Quebee fell in the month of 
July, 1628. 

Lewis Kirke was made Governor of Upper Canada, and Sir 
"William Alexander, Governor of Lower Canada including the 


Cape Breton and Nova Scotian provinces. Alexander, "William 
Barkeley and Eobert Charlton were made by the Crown, " Com- 
missioners of the River and Gulf of Canada." 

The purpose of the London Company was the permanent set- 
tlement and development of the resources of Canada and Nova 
Scotia. These projects were entirely upset by the peace of St. 
Germaine-en-Laye in 1632, which deprived it of all the advan- 
tages it had gained. Some £60,000 had been spent in the under- 
taking, a vast amount for those days. What the returns were 
during the time of the occupation of the provinces is unknown, 
but must have been considerable. The Company, through its 
agents, peaceably yielded up and restored all their land posses- 
sions to the French including the forts they had erected ox 
restored. It, however, brought a number of petitions to the 
Crown, and to the Lords of Plantations and Trade for relief, 
but with negligible result. Neither did the Trench fulfil their 
obligations to the Company. Certain privileges and a money 
return was to be made to it, but neither was done. 

The London Company appears to have dissolved, but the 
Kirkes continued to voyage and trade in the St. Lawrence and 
more northern regions, under a new patent granted by Charles 
I. This brought them again into conflict with the French, and 
they sustained considerable losses by the capture of their ships. 
David now came to England, becoming a member of the King's 
Privy Council, while the other brothers settled in Newfound- 

This Island was the earliest of the English Crown grants. 
Discovered by Cabot, it remained uninhabited, except by sav- 
ages, until 1578, when Sir Humphrey Gilbert, Sir George Peck- 
ham and Sir Thomas Gerard obtained a concession of the Island 
from Queen Elizabeth. Long before that date French, Basque 
and English fishermen had frequented its Banks, and dried 
their catches on the shores of Placentia Bay. Sir Humphrey 
Gilbert obtained the grant for the purpose of providing a place 
of refuge for the distressed " Papists " of England, and settling 
a colony there. Unfortunately^ he was lost at sea shortly there- 



after while on a voyage of discovery to the ITorumbega Coast. 
Then the project fell into abeyance, and the grant was aband- 
oned, until revived about 1600 by Sir Francis Bacon. He 
obtained from King James a new charter, which likewise was 
vacated. In 1620, George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, 
patented a part of the Island under the name of the Plantation 
of Aviland, or Avalon. He built himself a fort, erected a man- 
sion house, brought over several hundred colonists, and for a 
time lived in feudal state. Eventually tiring of the long winters 
and the frightful lonesomeness of the region, he abandoned the 
colonists to their own devices, and placing his own affairs in the 
hands of an agent, one William Gyll, he left for fairer scenes 
at home, 

A year after the termination of the French War, Sir David 
Kirke was sent over in the capacity of Governor of Newfound- 
land, with especial instruction to prevent the Frenchmen from 
fishing in the nearby waters and drying their fish on the island's 
shores. This was a right they had exercised for three-quarters 
of a century. 

After Baltimore's abandonment of Aviland, the inhabitants 
began trading with the foreign fishermen, and many taverns 
arose for their entertainment, as well as debauchment, we fear, 
as reports came back to England from time to time of the wild 
doings on the Plantation, and of the debasement of the fisher- 
men as well as " enlargement of the inhabitants." Kirke does 
not seem to have made an exemplary governor, as these com- 
plaints continued and became even more frequent than before. 
Ifevertheless he stuck to his post, and even prospered there, for 
in 1637, four years later, we find him associated with " James, 
Marquis of Hamilton, Philip, Earl of Pembroke, and Henry, 
Earl of Holland " in obtaining a patent from King Charles I, 
for the entire Island. The petition recites, in part, "that 
George, Lord Baltemore, having left the Plantation in no sort 
provided for, Cecil, his heir, having also deserted it as have done 
several others who had grants of parcels of land, leaving divers 
of poor inhabitants without government, this grant was made at 
the humble petition of lie above." 



In 1638; Sir David Kirke went over in a ship commanded 
by Captain John Vassal to Aviland, and on arriving there, 
demanded possession of Lord Baltimore's house of the agent, 
GylL This was refused, but as Gyll had no means of resisting 
him, he eventually surrendered the mansion to Kirke, who 
afterwards resided there. 

" Cecil, his heir " did not propose to submit tamely to this 
usurpation of his rights in the plantation. Quite probably he 
attached little value to it until someone else was in possession, 
then it immediately became of importance. 

Sir David Kirke remained a resident of Aviland and gov- 
ernor of the Island for a number of years after he had dispos- 
sessed Calv^t of his mansion house, during which time several 
petitions were addressed to the King and Protector^ which met 
with little response on their part. In fact, in Baltemore's later 
prayers to King Charles II. bitter complaint is made of his 
father's lack of response to his petition, and he speaks of Crom- 
well as the " late pretended Protector." In 1665, Kirke made 
over a part of his rights in the Island to John Claypole (son-in- 
law to Oliver Cromwell), Col. Rich and Col. GofiEe and others, 
and Sir Lewis Kirke is endeavoring to get a confirmation of, 
that patent/^ This quotation is made from a prayer in the year 
1661, after the monarchy had been restored. 

The reference to Sir Lewis Kirke arises from the circum- 
stance that several years before the last given date. Sir David 
Kirke returning to England, in order to provide for affairs in 
Newfoundland, was attached by the Lord Baltemore, and thrown 
into prison on the charge of having confiscated his Aviland 
estate. English prisons of that date did not offer models of san- 
itary conditions, and Sir David shortly died without satisfy- 
ing the claims of the Lord Baltemore.'^ 

In a later petition Calvert addresses the King for relief, and 
in the prayers naively rejoices that he has brought a worthy and 
valiant man to an untimely end^, and again deplores in a prayer 
to the Lords of Trade and Plantations that his imprisonment 
and death did not suffice to fulfil his claim upon him." 


After taking the depositions of a number of the inhabitants 
of the plantation^ as well as bringing to bear all the influences 
possible. Lord Baltcmore prevailed — a generation had arisen 
that knew not the Kirkes and their valiant deeds of thirty years 
before — and the Plantation was restored to him. In 1663, the 
King issued a mandate to " all commanders, captains, and all 
subjects in Newfoundland, to Sir Lewis Kirke, John Kirke, and 
the heirs of Sir David Kirke to deliver all houses and lands in 
Aviland to Cecil, Lord Baltemore " ; an order that finally ended 
the controversy. Nevertheless, the Kirkes continued to reside 
in JSTewf oundland ; Lewis and John died there and were suc- 
ceeded by the sons of Sir David, George, Philip and David, who 
in 1680, in the report of a Commission to arrange for the settle- 
ment of sundry abuses of the fisheries and other matters, were 
described as " able men of estate," capable advisers as to difficult 
points about the fisheries and the destruction of the forests. 

Cecil Calvert does not seem to have profited largely by the 
return of Aviland to his rule. The State Papers afford little 
information on this point. It is possible that the new Colony of 
Maryland absorbed so much of his interest that Newfoundland 
was neglected and abandoned to other hands than his. Of mate- 
rial profit there was none in the northern realm, but in the South 
there promised to be a better return.^ 

* Assembled from the English Colonial Records, with additions from the 
Calvert Papers in the Libiary of the Maryland Historical Society. 



By Bernakd C. Steinee. 

Bishop William S. Perry of Iowa publislied, in 1878, a large 
volume entitled "Historical Collections of the American 
Colonial Churcli — ^Maryland and Delaware," containing in great 
part documents found among the manuscripts at Fulham Palace 
in London, being a part of the archives of the Bishopric of 
London, to which see, as is well known, the American Colonies 
were attached. The Library of Congress has recently received 
copies of all the papers in that collection which deal with Mary- 
land and an examination of these transcripts discloses the fact 
that Bishop Perry's copyist was in many cases inexact and that, 
in printing the manuscripts, he left unpublished many of con- 
siderable interest. From these latter we make the following 
notes : 

I. — Gov. Francis Nicholson wrote (317-152)* on March 18, 
1695-6 of the aifairs of Virginia and Pennsylvania, which lat- 
ter colony he visited " last fall." Shortly afterwards, on May 
18, 1696 (317-145) a memorial was sent, signed by the follow- 
ing clergymen: Peregrine Cony, John Lillingston, Richard 
Sewell, Stephen Bordley, Benjamin Nobbs, George Tubman, 
Hugh Jones and Thomas Oockshutt, urging that clergymen of 
the Church of England be sent to Maryland. They stated that, 
when Governor Nicholson came into the Province in 1694, he 
found there three Anglican clergymen and five or six Popish 
Priests, " who perverted idle people." There were also a " sort 
of wandering pretenders to preaching that came from New Eng- 
land and other places, who deluded not only the protestant dis- 
senters from our Church, but many of the churchmen themselves 

*The numerals refer to the niunber of the manuscripts in the collection 
of the Library of Congresg, 



by their extemporary prayers and preachments, for which they 
were admired by the people and got money of them." The three 
Anglican clergymen had married in the Province and ^^main- 
tained their families out of plantations they had had with their 
wives." The "better and more responsible persons of the 
neighborhood plantations " that were Anglicans subscribed their 
names to small contributions, but the clergy could not get more 
than one-half or one-quarter of what was subscribed. Nicholson 
continued these three clergymen and with all possible care and 
expedition, erected churches in most parishes, proportionable 
to the tobaccoes that were in arrears since the act passed 
under Gov. Copley, and " placed us in the best vacancys, most 
convenient for the general serving of the country," " Some of 
us are forced to give 2,000 lbs. to the Clarks, by reason of their 
going so far to do their duties on the Lords Day." The " Public 
tobacco" is generally slighted by the merchants, and is not 
reckoned above the one-quarter part of that which the planters 
cure for their own freight, for they cull the best of their crop 
" for themselves & keep the refuse and discolored tobacco to pay 
the sheriffs." " Merchants are not for meddling with public 
tobacco also, because it is very troublesome to get it paid in any 
reasonable time.'^ They have to go from " place to place to 
demand it of those planters " to whom the sheriffs send them. 

The extent of the parishes is very large, some are over 20 
and others 30 miles in length. " The inhabitants in this country 
having (many of them) vast tracts of land, live at least a mile 
asunder from their next neighbors. This large extent of 
parishes obligeth us to keep one or sometimes two horses to ride 
on. The charges of our board and keeping our horses takes up 
one-quarter of our greatest incomes and the remaining three 
parts (considering the rates we pay for English goods in the 
stores and that the merchants will allow us in goods at prime 
cost very rarely a penny and sometimes an half -penny or farth- 
ing a pound for our tobacco in bartering with them) will hardly 
"* find us with cloths and other necessaries. If we should have any 
overplus, when our necessitys and conveniences are served, its 
hazardous for us to freight it, lest it should prove a drug in the 


English and Holland market and by paying from 10 to 16 
pounds sterling per Tnnn for freight beeides the King's Custom 
etc., it should bring us into debt." 

" So that should some of us that have wives in England send 
for them and go to housekeeping, we could not tell how to main- 
tain them, there not yet being provided any minister's house 
or glebe, except at St. Mary's, where one Mr. Kobbs lately 
arrived and having a wife is by his excellency placed.^' Yet 
Papists and Quakers, dissatisfied, try to have the 40-pound tax 
taken off. Without it there would not be left a tolerable sub- 
sistance for a single clergyman and his horse, " and one horse at 
least we must all of us, of necessity, keep ready by us, not only 
to ride to church on Sundays, but to ride all over parishes at 
christenings, weddings, visiting the sick and burials on the 
week days." Many would become Papists or Quakers to save 
themselves from taxes, if the members of these denominations 
were exempted therefrom. If Lord Baltimore should be restored 
as Proprietary, " the insolence of the Komish Priests (who are 
somewhat curbed by his Excellencies great care and vigilence) 
would soon be intolerable in these parts." Great numbers of 
Irish papists are brought continually among us " and Irish 
priests are suspected to come indognito. The "Papists are in- 
truding themselves into the company of the sick " and Mcholson 
had issued a proclamation against this practice. Dr. Bray's 
presence is desired, and an " ecclesiastical ruler " is needed. 

Nicholson wrote on June 12, 1696 upon Virginia affairs 
(31Y-161). He complained against Andros and his conduct 
in reference to the just rents and regretted that the acts con- 
cerning religion and schools had been " repealed." The Papists 
and Dissenters are " pretty numerous " and Nicholson " will 
not answer for all the Church of England Men." He dare not 
communicate to the Assembly the news of the repeal, lest no 
other laws be passed. If the passage of new laws upon those 
subjects shall be secured;. ^'I must attribute it to a more 
immediate influence from Heaven than any politicks I can use 
with them." (See 317-150 probably wrongly dated June 20, 
1700, when Mcholson was no longer Governor. In this letter. 



he refers to the receipt of the veto and writes that the Council 
will meet in the next week and will endeavor to reconcile mat- 

On July 4, 1696, John Povey wrote Mcholson from Eng- 
land in hope for speedy good news from him; but^ ten days 
later, Nicholson had to report to the Bishop (317-146) that he 
found it impossible to secure the passage of any statute about 
religion, without some clause about liberty and property, 
which, your Grace, very well knows. Englishmen are fond of." 

Sir Thomas Lawrence had written Nicholson that the reason 
" for repealing the law was that, if such a clause about Magna 
Charta was granted, it nearly touched His Majesty^s preroga- 
tive." Nicholson replied that this statement was incorrect; 
" They dread nothing here more than being forced to go to West- 
minster Hall/' and come under the domination of Parliament. 

I durst not venture to let them know that His Majesty had 
repealed the law about religion, for fear they should not have 
consented to make another." Nicholson asked that orders be 
sent out as to what sort of law may pass. A " Clause about 
Magna Charta was in a law made before my time and so I find 
it very difficult to get it quite left out at once." He especially 
hoped the sdiool act would be allowed and enclosed new laws 
about religion and schools. He wrote more freely to the Bishop 
than to the Lords of the Committee or of Plantations, since the 
establishment of religion was in great danger. 

In 1696, a very interesting and important religious census 
of the Province was sent to the Bishop of London showing the 
relative populousness of the several parishes (317-127). 

Parishes. Tithables. Tobacco. 

St. Mary's 


Prince George 

William & Mary 
King & Queen 
Christ's Church 
All Saints 
All Faitha 
St Pafils 

532 21280 

473 18920 

537 21480 

507 20280 

278 11120 

600 20000 


Benjn. Nobbs. 
Chris. Platts 
Hugh Jones 
Tho. Cockshutt 

Moiisiour Morien 


County s. 

Parishes, Tithables. 




William & Mary 
Port Tobacco 






George Tubman 


Herring Creek 


Henry Mall 

South River 



Tho. Clayton 
Port Annapolis is 

Middle Neck 



in Middle Neck, 
Per^ine Cony 

Broad Neck 


8920 1 



Edw'd Topp, Jr. 

St. John's 


St. George's 




South Sassafras 


14000 \ 

North Sa^fras 


12840 1 

Rich'd. Sewell 

Kent Island 



St. Paul 

338 (?) 


Stephen Bordley 


St. Paul's 



John Lfillingston 

St. Peter's 



St. Michael's 







16280 1 
8840 J 

Tho. Howell 





Geo. Trotter 







George Trotter 
ut supra. 




James Brechin 

Fifty shillings sterg p. Thousand for Publick Tobacco is 
a pretty usual price in Bills of Exchange. 

Nicholson wrote on February 13, 1696-7 (317-143) that, 
from the hands of Sir Thomas Lawrence, he had received the 
Bishop's letter of January 3, 1695-6. He had been kicked 
upstairs ^' from the position of lieutenant governor of Virginia 
to that of Governor of Maryland, " where I have found to my 
sorrow, great trouble and charge." He now enclosed the acts 
for the establishment of religion and of schools in Maryland. 
Blathwayt and Povey, in England, were hostile to him and, 

knowing why they oppose the laws," he ^^got the Assembly 
to promise them something." We have contracted for the 
building of a church at the Port of Annapolis, the seat of the 
government, for the building and finishing which the under- 
takers are to have £1000 sterling and, for building a Free School 



at the same place^ £500 sterling," tlie £200 (which Andros re- 
funded) being part of it. Nicholson hoped that, by the next 
fleetj His Majesty's furniture for the church will be sent." 
The college in Virginia is referred to and Nicholson stated that 
he would give up his pretentions to succeed Andros in Virginia, 
and would even quit Maryland, rather than hurt it. He had 
sent an account of the taxables and the glebes. Lord Baltimore, 
when Nicholson was in England, had promised him to give a 
glebe for each parish and renewed this promise to Lawrence, 
when Nicholson asked Lawrence to remind him of it. Each 
glebe should consist of 300, 400, or 500 acres. If the King 
should confirm Baltimore's claims to the waifs, etc., the latter 
should be made to give these glebes, which should be taken from 
escheated or surplusage lands, when possible, to prevent tteir 
being laid out too distant from the settlements. 

On February 15, 1696-7 (317-159) Nicholson wrote that he 
had received from the Archbishop of Canterbury the following 
books: "The Parson's Counsellor,^' "An Abridgment of the 
Ecclesiastical Laws,'' three small books named " A Guide for 
Constables," six small books named " A Familiar Guild," " The 
Poor Man^s Guide," "Ten Brief Expositions of tte Church 
Catechism," " The Poor Man's Help," and " The Catechism of 
the Church." 

Sir Thamas Lawrence vn-ote, on February 20, 1696-7 (317-79, 
192), that he had arrived in Maryland in August, after a 
prosperous voyage/' though one with many delays. He gave 
the Bishop's letters to the Governor. I find him employed 
in erecting a State House for the administration of justice, a 
fine brick building, in which are comprehended convenient 
apartments for all the offices of business in this country.- This 
is almost finisht. We are now going on with as fine a church, 
which will cost a £1000^ His Excellency giving an £100 towards 
it, and a school at the same time, £500, of which £200 sterling 
and £300 is paid back by Sir Edmund Andros upon your 
Grace's award as a part." Lawrence criticises Andros and hopes 
that a church building in each of the 30 parishes in the Province 
will be completed during the coming summer and be ready to 


receive Dr. Bray, when he shall come. The Assembly has been 
in an " ill humor/' because of the reversal of the laws in Eng- 
land^ and^ if ITicholson " had not with address got them speedily 
re-enacted, the churches would not have been built and the main- 
tenance of the ministry " woud have failed. " With equal Cour- 
age," Mcholson threw out Captain Coode, who "having first 
gotten a deputation from Dr. Payn to invade and go halves with 
him, in the Commissary's office, and after entered into the 
house of Burgesses, on purpose, by his atheism and debauched 
designs, to have corrupted them, to the overthrow of all public 
spirited undertakings." Had Coode succeeded, the "now pros- 
perous affairs of this Province had been in an ill condition." 

On February 23, 1696-7, Mcholson wrote (317-138) upon 
affairs in Pennsylvania, a subject to which he returned, in a 
letter dated April 30, 1697 (317-141). In the latter epistle, 
he thanks the Bishop for books sent, attacks Andros, expresses 
his hope for Bray^s arrival, and asks that Bray be made a doctor 
of divinity, put into the Council and made Commissary for 
Pennsylvania, isTew York, and JSTew England, and also that, 
before he sails he may " preach before His Majesty and dedi- 
cate " his sermon to the King. " Our Assembly were in so very 
bad a humor that I could not get them to address His Majesty 
that the half of the quarter part of the shilling per hogshead 
should be appropriated for the buying of religious books." 

About this time, Gerard Slye (317-134) wrote that Mchol- 
son was "furiously zealous for the building of schools and col- 
leges and with such a vast charge that the country is not able to 
bear it. He is as mad against them that first appeared there for 
King William " and were in principal " command," calls them 
" Rebels," and " threatens to try them with a file of musketeers 
and hang them with Magna Ohartas about their necks." The 
grand jury of St. Mary's County presented Slye, because he said 
on April 30, at Patuxent, that ISTicholson is at Jamestown and 
" every one knows his lies and he cannot deceive them, and 
again Slye said on May 30, 1697 (317-164) that Nicholson 
stopped letters that came in the ships and consealed them for 
some time and broke them open, and afterwards sent them 




away/' On a third occasion, upon May 4, Slye said I expected 
old Eattlehead (meaning Nicliolson) there (at Hampton), if 
he had met John Perry. I taxed Perry with the message Old 
Rattlehead sent by him to Mr. Crop relating to me. The old 
Dog (Perry) denied every thing, but I find him a fit instrument 
for mischief." Again on June 26, Slye said that " Nicholson 
is a man of the worst of characters, though he does what he can 
to purchase a better, but that won't do among our men of 
thought next the hehn," meaning the Privy Council and the 
Lords of the Committee of Trade and Plantations. 

A dateless document written by Slye, humbly apologizing for 
his conduct towards Nicholson (317-160) doubtless refers to 
this controversy. 

Nicholson wrote the Bishop of London on June 30, 1697 
(317-167), that three clergymen came in the middle of May 
and are already disposed of. He hoped that Bray would arrive 
with ten more by the next fleet and that with them would arrive 
His Majesty's furniture and plate for the Annapohs Church. 
" Except the Church of England be encouraged here, especially 
by His Majesty and Your Grace, it will fall." Nearly a year 
later, on May 26, 1698, Nicholson expressed the hope that the 
bills for establishment of religion and schools were now ap- 
proved. He thanked the Bishop for extracts from priests' in- 
tercepted letters and hoped to "countermine their wicked de- 
signs/' A proclamation cmicerning them was enclosed. Sir 
Thomas Lawrence had " been extreme ill all this last winter of 
a distemper, which several times brought him nigh to death 
and in all human probability he could not live another winter, 
if he stayed hore." On his arrival in England, Sir Thomas will 
give full information concerning Maryland and Pennsylvania. 
Nicholson had " in all respects found him a very pious and zeal- 
ous son of the ChurA of England, a constant assertor of mon- 
archy (which I think is a natural consequence of the former) 
and wholly devoted to His Majesty's interests." 

The Grand Jury presented Philip Clark of St. Mary's Coun- 
ty for defaming Nicholson at St. Mary's City, on March 20, 


1697-8, saying (317-174) : " I hear who are chosen Burgesses. 
The Jacobite Burgesses, who are the Governor's friends are now 
out and I will warrant I will manage them all well enough. 
He is no better than a Jacobite." At another time, he said: 
The Governor's drift is to have the Eoman Catholics so sub- 
ject to him that they should either concur with him in choosing 
such members for the House, as he pitched on, or if they did 
not, it should be in his power to proceed with rigor against 
them. So out of fear and self preservation, they must comply 
with him." 

Later in the year, on September 2, 1698, the Grand Jury 
(317-173) presented to the Provincial Court our old acquaint- 
ance, John Coode, Sr., of St. Mary's County for "much dis- 
turbances and commotions raised." If Gov. Audros of Vir- 
ginia had "taken care to have him apprehended and given to 
justice in this Province this would not have happened." The 
Judges of the Provincial Court endorsed this statement and 
added that Coode, with his party, " brags of their security in 
the Oolony of Virginia." 

The Fulham Manuscripts also contain copies of the following 
official papers dating from the period of Gov. N'idiolson^s ad- 
ministration : 

1. — letter signed by Henry Jowles, on part of the Council, 
and Kenelm Cheseldyn, on part of the House of Burgesses, 
dated October 19, 1694, (317-170) asking the patronage of the 
Archbishop of Canterbury for the Free Schools, thanking him 
for what he had already done and telling him of new methods 
devised of raising money for that purpose. 

2. — The Order in Council of March 1695-6 (317-166) re- 
pealing the Maryland laws. 

3. — ^A letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury dated July 10, 
1695 (317-137) signed by Sir Thomas Lawrence, on part of 
the Council, and Kenelm Cheseldyn, on part of the House of 

4. — ^An Order in Council concerning waifs dated February 
18, 1696-7 (317-62). 




5. — letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury signed hj Law- 
rence and Cheseldjn for the Assembly, dated June 10, 1697, 
expressing the hope that the new laws might pass (317-200) and 

6, — A letter signed by William Bladen, Clerk of the House 
of Burgesses, dated March 29, 1698 (317-67), referring to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury's letter of April 11, 1697 and ask- 
ing his help in promoting the Free School. 

II. — ^Eev. Thomas Bray wrote the Bishop in 1700 (317- 
129) that he arrived in the Province on March 18. On his 
way to Annapolis he met with the news brought by a Quaker 
in the same ship myself that the 40 pounds per poll is taken off 
by order of Council." This news surprised Bray^ especially be- 
cause the veto was given " at the solicitation of and in favor of 
the Quakers, backed by and in a close confederation with the 
papists, as every one here plainly sees.'' Mr. Hastreel, their 
court solicitor, told Bray in London " that they are the most con- 
siderable part of the Province both for riches and numbers" 
and that the tax makes these numerous and trading people leave 
the Province. Bray denied the truth of this statement and 
hoped soon to send a census of Maryland and show that " Quak- 
ers and Papists joined together will not make one-tenth part 
towards the balance, in number or riches." The Quakers de- 
cline in Maryland and in Pennsylvania. The " Keithians " 
ask Bray for a visit, which he hopes to give them in Philadel- 

Gov, Nicholson was sensible " of the need of an establish- 
ment " and out of a hearty zeal for the preservation of the 
Church leaves no stone unturned to have the same law for re- 
ligion, without the exceptionable clause, re-enacted by the next 
Assembly which sitts the 26th instant. He has given me the 
inclosed list of members, to make the best uses thereof I can in 
the meantime [This list is not found, — ^Ed.] and does himself 
endeavor to influence the leading members, as he can meet with 
them. He was pleased to offer, if it would be of service, to pro- 
rogue the Assembly to a longer day.'' Bray did not agree to this 
plan, since the Quakers " who are the best at tampering, will 


have a longer time; as well as ourselves." He feared delay es- 
pecially, since " Pen (sic) is to be in the WUtsiinweek at their 
Grand yearly Meeting in this Province, where all the most con- 
siderable planters of all other persuasions come also, as to an 
Exchange, it is thought desirable ( ?) that the Assembly meet 
at the day appointed. But his Excellency does resolve, if the 
bill miscarrys, to dissolve this and call another Assembly." 
" So that nothing, I am satisfied, will be omitted on his part 
to preserve the church under this fierce attack, which noble zeal 
for our preservation in such an extremity, as it shall not fail 
here of just acknowledgements, so I know it will engage your 
Grace to protect his excellency from receiving any prejudice 
thereby at home." 

On May 29, 1700, Eev. Mr. Oolbatch wrote (317-148) that 
Dr. Bray's exemplary zeal was instrumental in the passage of 
the new law for an establishment and that the visitation of the 
clergy held by him put them " into an excellent method for the 
due and right discharge of their ministerial duties." Bray had 
been sent back to England to secure more clergy and obtain the 
confirmation of the act concerning religion. Gov. Nathanial 
Blakiston, on June 12, 1700 sent word (317-132) that Dr. 
Bray had gone home with papers concerning the new law, Blak- 
iston would settle the Commissary's office upon any one whom 
the Bishop may appoint. " Allow my actions to be the standard 
of my intentions for the promotion of the Church." 

III. — ^At a meeting (317-59) of the Eector, Governors, and 
Visitors of the Free Schools, held at the City of Annapolis, 
Tuesday, September 6, 1715, there were present, Rev. Joseph 
Colebatch, Rector His Excellency the Governor (John Hart), 
the Hon. Samuel Young, Esq., the Hon. Philemon Lloyd, Esq., 
Eev. Henry Hall, Eev. Jacob Henderson, William Bladen, Esq., 
and F. Mercier, the clerk of the Board. In view of the " extra- 
ordinary want of a good Ussher to assist in the free school of 
this City," i. e. Annapolis, Mr. Thomas Bordley, who was going 
to England, was invited to be present and was then asked to 
" invite and pro^re some discreet and learned person, well 



qualified " to become an usher and to assure him of a salary of 
£50 sterling annually, with a promise of the mastership, in case 
of a vacancy therein, or of the headship of another free school 
to be erected on the Eastern Shore. 

IV. — petition against Eev. William Tibbs, rector of St. 
Paul's Parish in Baltimore County was filed by the vestry of 
that parish (317-153) on February 15, 1714-5, being signed 
by John Downe, John Willmott, Jr., Thomas Todd, Jr., Peter 
Bond, John Hillen and John Gill (a marksman) . They charged 
that the wickedness of the people of the neighborhood came 
largely from the bad example of our minister, he being a very 
weak man." He was a common drunkard," and when in- 
toxicated was guilty of shameful acts, he refused to go to houses 
to baptize sick children without pay, he demanded money for 
the administration of the sacrament of the Lord's Supper in 
private houses, and he " will be drunk " immediately after the 
celebration of the Communion. Depositions were appended 
which were made on i^^ovember 16, 1714, that, in the preceding 
August, Tibbs was sent for to administer the "Communion at 
Richard Colegate's house to Mrs. EUinor Herbert, the mother 
of Colegate's wife, Mrs. Rebecca Colegate. Mrs. Herbert " lay 
very sick." After the service, at which Capt. Charles Merri- 
man and his wife were also present, as Tibb® sat nodding in 
his chair," Mrs. Merriman heard him demand of Colegate 
twenty shillings ; ten for his visit and ten for his medicine." 
Mrs. Merriman was " startled " at this demand." Mrs. Cole- 
gate confirmed this statement, except that she remembered his 
expression as being ten shillings for his means." She added 
that Tibbs got so drunk on that occasion that she was forced 
to send two servants to take him home, as he could not walk 
thither and that, on a later occasion, he was paid eighteai shill- 
ings for a second administration of the Lord's Supper. 

On Sept 7, 1714, Todd and Willmott in open vestry meet- 
ing accused Tibbs of such acts, Todd being especially emphatic 
in his denunciations of Tibbs at that time, as was testified by 
John Thomas, " Clerk of the Vestry," John Adams, Clerk 


of the Parish/' and tTames Eider, Ohurch warden, a marksman 
who appears to have been a friend of Tibbs. 

The case was referred to the Kevs. Henry Hall, Thomas 
Oockshutt, Joseph Colbatch, and Jacob Henderson, who made 
a report censuring Todd for his despising all kinds of authori- 
ty and admonishing Tibbs "to change his life and reconcile 
himself to his people with all speed," or he sshall receive a 
summons to come before the Governor for his defence. 

Out of this difficulty, ibetween the Vestry and Tibbs, quite 
probably arose the establishment of the Presbyterian Church 
at Patapsco on Curtis Creek in 1Y15. In Webster's History of 
the Presbyterian Church in America, we are told that the Rev, 
Hugh Conn was bom in Ireland about 1685 and graduated at 
the University of Glasgow. The trade from the Patapsco to 
Great Britain gave rise to a Presbyterian Congregation in Balti- 
more County, who applied to London Merchants for a minister. 
In response to this call, Mr. Coim came over. In September, 
1715, Mr. James Gordon presented a call for him from the 
people of Baltimore County. Presbytery approved this call 
and he was ordained in October, and installed Pastor of the 
congregation of Patapsco by the Eev. James Anderson, of New 
Castle, George Gillespie of "White Clay Creek, and Daniel Mc- 
Gill of Bladensburg, (three Scotchmen). 

• In September, 1719, he was dismissed from his charge on 
account of " the paucity of his flock.'' He immediately ac- 
cepted a call to the Bladensburg Church, and remained liere, 
until his death in 1752. 

Through the researches of Mr. Wm. B. Marye and Dr. J. 
Hall Pleasants, we learn that the Baltimore County Court pro- 
ceedings, Liber I. S. No. B, 1708-1715, fol. 608-609, show that 
at the March Court, 1714-15, Thomas Todd . . . "humbly 
prays that his house may be licenced for a presbyterian minister 
to preach in, which petition the Justice® .... granted, pro- 
vided said minister qualifies himself by taking the oaths by act 
of assembly." Mr. Todd died in May, and his widow later 
married Rev. Mr. Conn, died in 1717 and is buried in the f am- 



ily graveyard beside the Todd house, at ITorth Point. It is 
an interesting fact that for about two hundred and fifty years 
a Thomas Todd, each a direct descendant from his predecessor, 
has owned and lived on the farm. At Mr. Todd's house were 
held the first regular Presfeytefian services within the bounds 
of the Presbytery of Baltimore. 

Again Liber G. M. fol. 55 August Court, 1Y15: "upon the 
petition of Hugh Conn, a presbyterian minister, that a house 
lately built on the land of John Frizell on the south side of 
Patapsco river at the head of Curtis Creek may be recorded for 
a Presbyterian Meeting House, ... it is ordered accordingly." 

V. — The relation of Gov. John Hart to the Clergy is shown 
by several letters. On March 4, 1Y16/1Y, the Bishop writes to 
some correspondent of his pleasure at hearing that Hart " so 
heartily interests himself in the affairs of the Church " and of 
his hope that Henderson's commission will be respected. The 
parishioners of North Elk Eiver must not be forgotten, but the 
Bishop feared that he could not " secure a well qualified per- 
son'' for so small an "encouragement" as £40 per annum. 
The funds of the Society were so low that " no augumentation " 
could be expected from thence. Gov. Hart wrote the Bishop, 
on June 20, 1717 (317-194), that Rev. Mr. Barron had been 
offered any vacancy in the Province. He accepted a small par- 
ish " near me " and, " when the parishioners did not subscribe 
to his better support, I presented him to another of more con- 
siderable value, where he remains, much to his satisfaction." 
iSev. Mr. Warner behaved hin^elf " with prudence." He had 
been admitted as Usher, with a salary of £50 per annum from 
the date of the Bishop's letter of Eecommendation. Eev. Mr. 
Irvine, within three days of his arrival, supplied Mr. Baily's 
former parish. "The latter is a very unhappy person and, 
though his behavior is far from being commendable, yet as he 
has received holy orders, I cannot see him want bread (which 
he had thrown away upon some distaste to his parishioners) so 
have again presented him mmthex parish, in hopes he will reform 


and be a new man/' Hart promised to assist the two Com- 

From Annapolis on ISTov. 3, 1714, Ker, William Keith wrote 
(317-171) that Col. Hart was ^Wigilant to supply vacant 
cases," of which there were 4 very good ones then in the Prov- 

When Hart departed from Maryland in 1720, nine of the 
clergy, on May 19, signed a letter of regret (317-92). The 
signers were William Kaconchie of Port Tobacco Parish in 
Charles County ; Giles Rainsf ord, of St. Paul's Parish, Prince 
George's County; Joseph Colbatch, of all Hallow's Parish, 
Anne Arundel County ; Evan Evans, D. D., of St. George's 
(Spesutia) Parish, Baltimore County ; Henry Hall of St. James' 
Parish, Anne Arundel County; Thomas Cockshutt, of All 
Saint's Parish, Calvert County; Jonathan Kay, of Christ 
Church Parish, Calvert County;. John Eraser, of Piscataqua 
Parish, Prince George's County, and Samuel Skippon, of St. 
Anne's Parish, Annapolis. 

VI. — The Rev. Jacob Henderson, Commissary of the Bish- 
op of London for the Western Shore of Maryland, caused his 
proctor, the quarrelsome lawyer, Thomas MacNamara, on Feb. 
25, 171'7, to transmit articles (317-131) against Rev. Henry 
Hall, who would not show his letters of ordination to Hender- 
son. Finally, he handed them to Bernard White, Henderson's 
Register and Writer, and, when White did not return them, 
Hall demanded them back in a rage, " and went to Gov. Hart 
- and sued out a writ for the return of the letters." Because of 
Hall's actions. White was barred, for a time, from practice in 
the Maryland Chancery Court. In July last, Hall was " much 
disguised with liquor, to the great scandal " of hig " function 
and evil example to others." 

The Bishop responded (317-130), referring Henderson to 
Falconer's work concerning the erection of a court. He re- 
gretted that Hall and Henderson fell out, but believed that both 
of them act uprightly. " If all that is personal be laid aside, 



your proceedings will tend to the advantage of Church and 
Colony." The Bishop did not believe that Gov. Hart did 
" anything with a design to affront my authority " and ex- 
horted Henderson and Hart " mutually to iorget past heats " 
and again become friends. 

Henderson wrote (31Y-93) Dr. Francis Astry at Fulham Pal- 
ace on June 17, 1718, that a third of the Provincial Assembly 
was composed of dissenters and the other two-thirds were " very 
low " and opposed Gov. Hart " much " under Queen Anne, but 
that they are now his creatures and the party, at present, 
that he caresses and is supported by," so that no law can pass 
to support the jurisdiction of the Church Courts. The letter 
was conveyed to Dr. Astry by Edward Calvert, Lord Balti- 
more's younger brother, who was destined to return to the Prov- 
ince ten years later and to die there. 

On Sept. 5, 1718, Henderson wrote (317-120) asking per- 
mission to come to England for a visit. Henderson's charge 
to the Clergy (317-74) on June 28, 1720, urges that the cate- 
chism be better taught, the Lord's Supper be more often admin- 
istered, and the observance of holydays and days of fasting b^ 
more constant. 

An unnamed young man going from Maryland to school at 
Beverly in Yorkshire is recommended for confirmation by Hen- 
derson on Aug. 19, 1724 (317-69). On Sept. 20, 1725, Lord 
Baltimore wrote (317-181) that Henderson had presented to 
him a letter from the Bishop and that instructions shall be sent 
at once to Gov. Calvert, in accordance with the Bishop's desires. 
The Proprietary was pleased to know that Calvert's adminis- 
tration of the Province had met with favor from the Bishop. 

An anonymous letter, dated Oct. 25, 1725, complains against 
Henderson's acts as Commissary (317-182). Some years later, 
on April 25, 1735 (317-75) Henderson wrote that Eev. Eichard 
Chase, who occasioned coldness between the Bishop and Lord 
Baltimore, was ordained by Benjamin Hoadley, Bishop of 
Salisbury, and is a person of much levity, no learning, and 
supposed to be a free thinker, or deist. He gives himself great 


liberties in ridiculing religion and that set of people highly 
caress and admire him.'^ Upon his arrival he was " full of 
invectives against the Bishop, until Henderson told him such 
conduct was " unbecoming " and the Governor discouraged him. 
Then he kept silence. Baltimore gave him one of the best 
parishes/^ (t. e.^ All Hallows, Anne Arundel), to the great 
grief of most of his parishioners/^ Since this appointment, 
there have arrived in Maryland the Rev. ITathaniel Morell 
(William and Mary Parish, Charles County), the most abso- 
lute sot in nature'' and Rev. John Vaughan (Westminster 
Parish, Anne Arundel County), "who has indeed, the appear- 
ance of a prudent gentleman." Both clergymen came from 
Lord Baltimore without the Bishop's license. 

VII. — The Rev. Christopher Wilkinson, Commissary for 
the Eastern Shore, wrote on July 29, 1719 (317-191) that his 
parishioners of St. Paul's, Queen Anne's County, were building 
a brick church, the best one in the Province. He asks a gift 
of plate for the Altar, and hopes to receive ornaments for the 
pulpit and Altar table by the hands of some merchants trad- 
ing from Liverpool in our ports. We want a Bible and Com- 
mon Prayer Book, also." A motion for dividing of parishes 
is up " in the General Assembly, but such a division ought not 
be made without the Bishop's knowledge. A parish might be 
taken from Messrs. jfTicoUs, Mainadier's, and Wilkinson's and 
a church built in it, so conveniently seated that every parish- 
ioner in the innermost parts of the several parishes might go 
every Lord's Day to the Church, whereas now, as they are, not 
above once in three weeks, or in a fortnight, and that they may 
do this, I am obliged every third Lord's Day to preach at two 
churches 7 miles distant and one of these 17 miles from my 
home which I cannot continue." More clergymen are needed. 
On Aug. 16, 1723 Wilkinson (317-135) wrote to ask whether 
an incestuous marriage should be decreed a nullity, or whether 
he should merely decree a separation of the parties. He wrote, 
on Oct. 18, 1728 (317-189), that a Bishop was needed in 
Maryland, as well as Deacons to catechise the children and 



negroes and attend worship every Lord's Day. He offered to 
give his Deacon half his maintenance and thinks such an ar- 
rangement would be more satisfactory than to divide parishes, 
which would discourage ministers from coming out to Mary- 
land. The Assembly now sitting have brought in several such 
bills. It these are passed, the clergy cannot make allowance 
for d^cons, 

VIII. — The Eev. Giles Eainsford received from Gov. 
Charles Calvert, on April 19, 1723 (317-197) a letter to the 

effect that he was bound for England in the search for. restora- 
tion in health. His brethren would supply his parish until his 
return. " He has behaved himself so well as to be very much 
beloved by his parishioners." Gov. Calvert appends a request 
for 2 or 3 more clergymen and states that he has inducted Rev. 
Mr. Ramsey into a vacant parish. Eainsford, probably, did not 
sail that year; for, on April 10, 1724 (317-97), he wrote that 
he suffered form pain in his head, his old distemper, and wished 
to return to England. He may be addressed then at the Vir- 
ginia Coffee House in Michael's Lane in Cornhill, London. 

In a rather obscure note from Philip Lee to Rainaford, writ- 
ten on July 22, 1725 (317-118) he asked for Lisby's "Case 
Stated " and remarked that Rev. Mr. Henderson " deceived me 
about the loan of this book." 

When Mr. Rainsford left the Province, he sold his property 
to the Rev. John Eversfield and a detailed inventory of effects 
(317-54) is among the Eulham manuscripts. As to* Mr. Evers- 
field himself, we find a letter written by Mathew Cilbome to 
Madame Lane, stating that Eversfield was employed for a year 
to " write at my seat in the Six Clerk's Office " (a legal bureau) 
and was a good clerk, until he received a blow " on the right 
elbow from Mr. Thomas Lane, deceased, as I have been credi- 
bly informed, whence he lost his right arm." He was an or- 
phan and was commended to Mrs. Lane's beneficence by Cil- 
borne and by 25 other clerks in the Office (317-76). 

IX. — The Rev. Joseph Colbatch was diligent in his services 
to both white and black parishioners, as is shown by a detailed 


list (317-63) of negroes and mnlattoes baptized, married, and 
buried by him in All Hallows Parish from 1722-29. 

X. — ^Eev. Peter Tustian went to England for six months in 
1726 and on July 5 of that year, the vestry of his parish, St. 
James, in Anne Arundel County (317-57), viz., William Lock, 
Josias Towgood, Samuel Chew, Jr., Thomas Wells, John El- 
liott Browne, and John Giles, sent a letter, stating that they 
hoped for their minister's return and that the neighboring 
clergy by subscription had agreed to supply the place, any other 
or better prorision being impracticable. They expressed a de- 
sire that more clergy come to the Province. On Sept. 29, 
1726, Rev. William Treadwell Bull wrote the Bishop concern- 
ing Mr. Tustian, who had arrived in England. He was bom 
in Warwickshire, near Northamptonshire, and was a Bachelor 
of Arts of Christ Church College, Oxford. In 1719, together 
with Bull, he went as a missionary to Carolina and resided 
there for twelve months " with v^y good repute," but the gov- 
ernment being in " confusion," he applied to the Bishop in 1721 
for leave to remove from the Colony and come into Maryland. 
He was a gentleman of sobriety and good learning. 

On July 26, 1735, the Eev. John Urquhart wrote (317-58) 
Dr. John Hay, vicar of Coleman Church, Bell Alley, London, 
who forwarded the letter to the Bishop. Urquhart had suffered 
from fever and ague for 16 months. He was acting as at- 
torney in fact" for Tustian. Lord Baltimore who was then 
in the Province, ordered the Governor to induct Rev. John 
Lang, if Tustian did not return before ITovember, but this 
induction was not made until May, whereupon Urquhart was 
inducted to William and Mary Parish for half a year and then 
went to All Faith's, " the largest parish in the Province." Of 
the parishioners, a third part were papists, who give him 
" much uneasiness." He suspects that they " set his glebe on 
fire in the night, and would have burnt all upon it had it not 
been timously prevented. The Jesuites are continually at work, 
perverting the people and indeed daily gaining ground." His 
predecessor, Mr. Holt, had told tlm Bighop of this fact. " It 



is no secret that the papists have more say with those that have 
the chief powers here than Protestants, which is very strange." 
There had been no visitation of the clergy since Urquhart's 
arrival in the Province. 

XI. — The Rev. Greorge Mnrdock wrote from Virginia on 
June 28, 1725, that the clergy were better provided for in 
Maryland and asked that he might go thither, with his family 
of four children. Many clergymen removed from one Prov- 
ince to another without a license, since all colonies were in the 
same Diocese, but he preferred to " deal regularly." The re- 
sponse must have been favorable and Mr. Murdock writes from 
Prince George's Parish (317-188) on June 17, 1730, He was 
the first minister in this new parish, which was 60 miles in 
length by 20 in breadth. There were 5 places of worship, one 
was a church and the others were private houses. The people 
in the upper parts of the Parish " are very desirous I should 
be oftener with them." H© asks that he be sent books, such 
as a " Delightful Method of Friendly Eeligion," Plain In- 
structions for the Young and Ignorant, Being a Short Exposi- 
tion of the Church Catechism," " An Essay towards Making 
Religion Easy/' " The Christian Scholar for the Use of School 
Boys " etc., " which are not to be had with us, but may be 
purchased in London at very easy rates." Dr. Bray ^^has 
done much good to Maryland in this affair, viz,, in giving and 
stirring up others to give such good and useful books to such 
as want them. But I understand he is dead." Therefore Mr. 
Murdock applies to the Bishop. Murdock had lost almost all 
his books in a fire and requests for himself and his successors 
such volumes as: Dr. Scot's Sermons, Mr. Blair's Works, Dr. 
Barrow's Works, Dr. Beveredge's Works and Dr. Williamson's 
Works. Two years later, on June 30, 1732, (317-28) again 
he asks for books. All the old parishes were pretty well fur- 
nished without cost by Dr. Bray. Our parish is very young, 
poor, and of a vast great bounds " and with few inhabitants 
in it." Consequently, " we want books much more than the 
others." " A few plain sermon books and some of our Church 


catechisms explained would suit our circumstances very ^welL 
The catechisms I would have all of a sort of it, otherwise 3 of 
each sort you send/^ 

The letter is endorsed, " Ordered, March 16 '32/3 by the 
Society, that some Common Prayers, Duties of ilan, and small 
Tracts to be distributed be sent." 

The Church Wardens and vestrymen of Prince George's 
Parish (317-38) had petitioned the Bishop for books on July 
6, 1731^ James Smith, Alexander Magruder, Eliphaz Kiley, 
John Bell, Charles Perry, Thomas Harris, William Penson and 
Thomas ffetchall sign the letter. They tell how Murdock's 
house was burned with his certificate of orders and his books 
and they ask for a new certificate. " We acknowledge that we 
are very well satisfied with him, in relation to the premises, 
and, at his motion, we humbly pray your Lordship to send our 
parish a small library of books some share of that may be more 
properly for the use of him and his successors, ministers of our 
parish and others that may be adapted to the capacities of the 
meanest readers/' In the parish, not all the people " are of 
one opinion in matters of religion. Beside those of the Com- 
munion of the C9iurch of England, we have a Popish Chappel 
and a Presbyterian Meeting house very nigh our Church. The 
Papists have been very bold of late, but, blessed be God, they 
can do us no harm. The Presbyterians are very peaceable and 
also the Quakers, of which persuasion we have some." The 
parish was of very large extent and, therefore, had the greater 
need of books than was the case in compact parishes. [The 
Presbyterian meeting house was at Bladensburg,] 

XII.— The Eev. H. Mcols, rector of St. Michael's Parish, 
Talbot County (317-71) wrote of his troubles: ''The parish 
possessed a small glebe, but neither house fit for the minister 
nor a quantity of land for a plantation. The glebe was yearly 
rented for a Hogshead of tobacco, which may be reckoned at 
40 shillings. Eighteen years previously a very good planta- 
tion was left to the church, but, by a defect in the donor's will, 



it is lost, though I beKeve it to be recoverable if we had a fund 
to go to law upon." 

About 10 years previously Col. Snuthson, a very grave and 
pious gentlemanj left dwelling, plantation, and 5 or 6 other 
tracts of land, eight negro slaves and considerable plate for the 
use of the Communion Table, but, by the Fraud of his Execu- 
trix, all had like to be defeated." Whm he died, he had money 
enough in his house to pay all debts, but she concealed it and 
" brought the estate so much in debt that the negroes and plate 
were all swallowed up." When she died, "the gentleman's 
brother-in-law kept possession of the House and Lands, for 
which we have been at law these 5 or 6 years, and beside parish 
charges, I have been a great deal out of pocket myself in cary- 
ing on the suit and so has the Eev.Mr. Wilkinson. At length, 
not 3 weeks ago, we have possession of the plantation, but do 
not expect to keep it without as much molestation as he can 
give ue, he being a papist and bearing an inveterate grudge to 
me and the church. He has suffered the dwelling and all the 
outhouses to become an absolute ruin." The parish will not 
repair them and Nicols cannot. He does not wish his successor 
to be able " to come on his executor " for dilapidations. 

XIII. — ^From Somerset County on June 31 (sic), 1T25, to 
an unknown clergyman, a letter is sent by the vestry of one of 
the parishes, viz: William Stoughton, Capell King, Levin Gale, 
Thomas Dashiell, Henry Eallerd and Thomas Lawes stating 
that Mr. William Gale has informed them of the clergyman's 
worth (31Y-206) and therefore, they invite him to come as their 
minister. He will receive 20,000 pounds of tobacco each year 
and perquisites for marriages, funerals, sermons, etc. The 
public school, settled in the parish by recent act of the Assem- 
bly, wants a master and will pay £40 a year as his salary. 
Both places may be held by the same man, making his annual 
remuneration worth at least £130. Mr. William Gale can 
describe the parish, No other minister will be received, until 
this letter be answered. On Ifov. 16, 1725, a testimonial (317- 
109) was prepared at Wliifchaven, England by several gentle- 


men to Rev. Mr. Kirkby^ curate at Egremont, who had been 
invited to Somerset County by gentlemen^ mostly known by the 

XIV. — Gov. Charles Calvert (317-112) on i^ov. 8, 1721, 
wrote the Bishop, that, at the latter's request, he had inducted 
the Eev. Mr. Fletcher into one of the best parishes in Mary- 
land and, on July 26, 1724, Calvert wrote again (317-114) 
to congratulate the new Bishop on his translation to the see and 
to state that the " loyalty " of the Maryland clergy to King 
George^ their affection to our proprietor, and the regard they 
have had to me command everything I can do to serve them.^' 

XV. — ^Kev. Alexander Campbell wrote, on Oct. 22, 1727 
(317-70) that Lord Baltimore should be given Delaware to 

put dovm " the Quakers there. Campbell desired to be re- 
moved from Maryland. He had been falsely charged with 
" too great intimacy with Women." " Mr. Koss, a nonjuring 
clergyman and one of Dr. Walton's associates, is my enemy." 
Campbell had been condemned unheard, when too ill to appear 
before Ross and " some 2 or 3 missionaries more," Eoes's 
brother was the chief accuser and the only witnesses against 
Campbell were Eoss's brother's son and a convict, transported 
from England for wool istealing. 

XVI. — The Rev. John Lang, rector of St. Luke's Parish, 
Queen Anne's County, wrote the Bishop of London, on August' 

14, 1731, asking for a church in England. He had been or- 
dained in May 1725 and arrived in Virginia during that year. 
Two years later, he removed to Maryland, where he served a 
parish 50 miles long and 30 miles broad, traveling through 
uninhabited woods and marshes " to visit his parishioners. 
The " excessive heats of summer and violent colds of winter 
brought his health so low'^ that he could not longer perform 
his duties. He had been advised to go to England for his 
health, but could not afford to give up his living, which such 
absence would vacate, and so fail to care for his wife and chil- 



dren. If he had been single^ he would have been willing to 
die in Maryland and, if he had continued well, he would " re- 
main in this corner, where there is so great need of Gospel 
ministers." " The thoughts of leaving a virtuous wife and 
good children here to the mercy of a people who begrudge min- 
isters the small allowance of subsistence must be very shocking 
to any tender husband or parent." (317-16). Several years 
later, on May 29, 1735 (317-52), he asked the Bishop to per- 
mit him to return to England and give him a benefice there. 
Through illness, Lang was hardly able to write and he " can 
bear neither cold nor fatigue." He has no assistant and the 
other clergy have large parishes, so they cannot aid him. As 
soon as any clergymen arrive in %e Province, " they have cures 
of their own," for there are always vacant parishes. For six 
years, he held St. Luke's parish, a very large one, 50 miles in 
length and 30 miles in wideness," in which were 3 different 
places of worship, " 12 and 18 miles apart." God prospered 
his labors there with visible success. There were only 11 
communicants when he came, and 85 when he left. He found 
no church nor chapel, at his arrival, but by " my indefatigable 
labor and industry, I got built a very handsome brick church, 
77 feet in length, 35 feet in wideness, and 22 feet pitch in the 
walls, all plastered and whitewashed on the inside and furnished 
with a very decent Chancel, Communion Table and Kails, Pul- 
pit, Reading Desk, Clerk's Pew and 4 rows of pews from end 
' to end, a large Gallery in one end from side to side, for conmion 
people and servants. The church is well lighted, having 13 
windows, 10 feet in height each, 3 doors, and a bell of about 
170 pd. wt, and, in forwarding of the good work I sunk above 
£ 100 sterling of my own money." At the same time, he se- 
cured " voluntary subscriptions for a Chappel of Wooden Work, 
45 feet in length and 26 feet in wideness," which was built and 
furnished. On account of his health, he sought " an easyer 
Cure tho' less income." St. James was a small parish, ^^16 
miles in length and about 10 miles in wideness, with one place of 
worship," yet sometimes Lang " cannot in 3 or 4 months, visit 


my church nor walk thro' my room, and there is danger that the 
people fee seduced by papists and Quakers. These latter 
make abor© % of the whke people in the parish, and have two 
meeting houses. There are some also of people of better sort 
of fashion, Papists, and they have also mass at home." Lang 
had a wife and three children. Physicians advised his return 
to England and held out hope of recovery, if he does so. 

On February 8, 1735/6, Eev. M.T. Lang wrote again, to re- 
peat his request (317-14). He had written asking other promi- 
nent men in England to give their aid, such as Horace Walpole, 
the Archbishop of York and the Bishop of Winchester, but re- 
ceived no reply from them, which fact reminds him how the 
priest and levite passed on the other side of the way, when the 
man fell among thieves. He had been transferred to St. 
James, Herring Creek Parish, in Anne Arundel County, but 
his health will not permit him properly to perform his work. 
He cannot find a curate, nor afford to resign his charge. He 
encloses a testimonial from Gov. Ogle, dated October 9, 1735, 
stating that Mr. Lang has " languished under great indisposi- 
tion of body through sickness of various kinds " and intends to 
return to England for his health. " He is a worthy and deserv- 
ing clergyman of the Church of England, sober and discreet in 
his conversation, a strict observer of his duty in the discharge 
of his sacred ofiice and of loyal and sound principles in relation 
to the present establishment in Church and State. He has been 
by me judged worthy of the best preferment hcre.^^ On June 
25, 1736, Mr. Lang (317-73) again importuned the Bishop 
for an English cure and asked that the aBswer be sent in care 
of Dr. John Hamilton of Calvert County, if the ship come 
thither, or in care of William Cumming, attorney at law, at 
Annapolis, if the ship is bound for that port. Mr. Lang became 
desperate and, on November 27, 1736, wrote that he would 
^^come home" (317-72), but his efforts to return to England 
were fruitless. He continued at Herring Creek for fourteen 
years and until his death in 1748 (GambralFs Church Life in 
Colonial Md., pp. 188-203). 




XVII. — On November 18, 1733, Lord " Baltemore recom- 
mended for holy orders, Mr. Chapp, for whom he had ordered 
a living in Anne Arundell County to be kept vacant. Chapp 
has had a " hberal education " and is " very conversant in the 

XVIII. — ^Nathaniel Whitaker went to England, carrying 
with him a certificate as to his character (317-213), written in 
1738 by the clergymen of Perth Amboy and Elizabeth in !New 
Jersey and of Staten Island in New York, and also a bond (317- 
77) executed by the Eev. Thomas Fletcher, rector of All Hal- 
low's Parish, Somerset County, on February 18, 1739/40 that 
he would pay Whitaker, as curate, £20 sterling per annum, 
with the benefits of the perquisites for marriage and funerals, 
when he should return as a clergyman. Rev. Mr. Fletcher also 
wrote to the Bishop from Somerset County, on June 18, 1740, 
stating that Whitaker had been in the Province for 10 months. 
He brought good testimonials and had shown " discreet and 
Christian behavior." Fletcher requested that Whitaker receive 
holy orders, so that he might become his curate. " Many, who 
otherwise constantly attend the service and are strictly attached 
to the interests of the Church of England, have, by reason " of 
the " largeness " of the parish, " been induced to frequent Dis- 
senting Meeting Houses of the Presbyterians. A curate could 
remedy this condition of affairs. 

XIX. — ^In 1721, Wilham Bewenton executed deeds for cer- 
tain landed properties to Rev. Alexander Adams. Bewenton 
owed John Caldwell some tobacco and the latter attacked the 
deeds in the Provincial Chancery Court as fraudulent (31'7- 
163). The suit dragged on for some years and finally, in 
1726, the deeds were ordered to be set aside. We hear of Eev. 
Mr. Adams again, many years later, when on October 5, 1751, 
he petitioned for the appointment of a Bishop in the Province 
and suggested financial arrangements (317-55) for that pur- 


XX. — The Eev. A. Spencer ^ on September 25, 1750, wrote 
that, in the beginning of June, he had arrived in Virginia with 
the promise of a parish in Maryland. He found that every one 
condemned " Dr. Middleton's arguments on miracles ^ and his 

uncivil mode of disputing " with the Bishop. Spencer may 
be addressed in care of Benedict Oalvert at Annapolis. He 
brought with him the Bishop's letter on earthquakes and found 
that it was read by most people "with the greatest approba- 
tion.^^ I remember the (jrovernor one day, at his own table 
(whence your Lordship^s health has been several times drunk) 
observed that, allowing the earthquake to be no threatening from 
the Almighty God; yet, as your Lordship's letter tended to 
awaken the consciences of hardened sinners, and to make man- 
kind better, it certainly deserved the highest encomium." 

XXI. — In a letter written on September 29, 1769, Eev. 
Henry Addison stated that he was a Master of Arts of Queen's 
Collie, Oxford. 

During the period covered by these papers, the following 
clergymen were Bishops of London: 

Henry Oompton (1676-1713). 
John Robinson (1714-1723). 
Edmund Gibson (1723-1748). 
Thomas Sherlock (1748-1761). 

* Archibald Spenc^, who came to Virginia, Sept^ber 20, 1749. 



[WASffHfGTON OO^^iTfY]. 

14*^ SepF 1775. 
In compliance witli an order of the Convention an Election 
was held at Elisabeth Town on the 12*^ day of September 1775 
for a Committee of Observation & delegates to serve in Conven- 
tion when the f oUowS Gentlemen were duly elected vz 

Christian Orendurflp Joseph Chaplain 

John StuU 
Charles Sweringen 
Andrew Bench 

J onathan Hager 
Col. Cresap 

Zekiel Cox John Eench 
Conrad H(^ire Yates 

John Cellar J ames Smith 

Sam^ Hughes J oseph Smith 

George Zwingly CoU. Beale 

Willam B«.ird 


John Stull 

The Committee met for the first time on the 14*^ of Septem- 
ber 1775, when the following members were present 

John Stull Esq^ President 

Sam^ Hughes Secretary 
James Smith Z : Cox . John Cellar 

John Eench G. Zwingley Baird 

Cap^ Hogmire C. Orendurff Charles Sweringen 

Yates And : Ren<3h 

Tte following persons were appointed to serve as a Commit- 
tee for licencing Suits vz 

James Smith Col^ Beale John Cellar 

Samuel Hughes John Eench Charles Sweringen 

Conrad Hogmire 



Cap* Jonathan Hagar was appointed to receive all Sums of 
money that may be Voluntarily given for the publick good. 

Order'd Thai tW following persons carry tiie Aftweiation to 
all f reemeif residfenlfc ki ti^ iisteict a»d rtfuii* eabactip- 
tien to the same vz 

In Linton Hundred 
Fort Frederick 

Ehz. Town 

Upper Antietam 

Lower Antietam 

Iffarsh Hundred 

Thomas Hynes 
Benj^ Jonston 
Tho^ Sweringen 
David Jones 
Isaac Baker 
Doct^ Shnebly 
Henry Cellar 
Dan^ Clapsadle 
Ludwick Young 
Andrew Link 
Dan^ Perry 
Christ. Lance 
George Dement 
Thos Cramptou! 
Conrad Shnebly 
Doc* Cruse 
Jn® Reynolds Jun. 
Eichd Davis 
Ignatious Sims 
Peter White 

Application being made to this Committee by the Committee 
of Georges Creek on jtfonogahala for Amunition, Ordered that 
11^ Stull deliver unto J. Sweringen for the use of the said 
Committee Seventy four Pounds of Gun Powder at 3/6 ^ H. 
& Eighty Pounds of Lead at 6.^ ^ lb. & receive the money for 
the same and keep it untill further directions from this Com- 

Resolved that each member of this Committee shall pay 5/ 
fine for each days non attendance without a Lawful! excuse^ 
CoP Cresap excepted. It is also resolved that each Member pay 



his Club of the expences attend^ tliis Comimttee, present or 

Tbe C(Hninittee adjourns till tbe 1^* Monday in October. 

A Letter being rec^ from tbe Committee of Correspondence 
for tbe Middle District of tbis County relative to tbe raisS two 
Companies of Minute men. Tbe Committee met for that pur- 
pose on Monday tbe 18 of Sep^ 1775. 


Jno StuU Esq^ President 
Sam^ Hugbes Seer. 

Cap* Hogmire John Eench George Zwingley 

Cap* Smith ' John Cellars Charles Sweringen 

Cap* Hagar And : Eench 

Eesolved That Mess^^ Henry Shriock & James Chaplain be 
appointed to enroll two Companies of Minute men being the 
number alloted for this district & they are hereby appointed for 
that purpose. 

The Committee adjourns till 1^* Monday in October. 
The Committee met according to adjournment present 
Joseph Smith Esq^ in l3ie chair 
Sam* Hughee Sec*y 
James Smith Cap* Hagar T. Cellars 

C : OrendurflF Cap* StuU L. Yates 

Z : Cox Con : Hogmire And : Eench 

C. Sweringen G: Zwingly W*^ Beard 

It appears to this Committee (from the representation of 
some of the members who have endeavored to get their neighbors 
to enroll in Companies of Militia) that the greatest numbers 
refuse in consequence of several religious sects being excepted 
by the resolves of the Convention. 

Eesolved, That this Committee is of opinion that its highly 
reasonable that every person who enjoy the benefit of their relig- 
ion & protection of the Laws of this free Country ought to Con- 
tribute either in money or Military service towards the defence 
of these invaluable Eights. 



Ees<i That two shillings & six pence Cui^y ^ week (for all 
these who are restrained by religious principles from contribute 
their proportion in military service) wo^ be equal to musterS 
agreeable to tSie directions of the Convention. 

Eesolved, that a remonstrance be sent to the next Convention 
set^ forth the cause &' substance of the above resolve. 
Ordered, that the Commissioned Officers of the Militia Com- 
panies in this District attend at Eliz. Town on the 3^ Monday 
of this month in order to Vote for persons to be recommended to 
the Council of Safety as field Officers. 

Theodore Grove \ Debt 

Jacob Miller ) Licence granted 

The Committee adjourns till the 16. October. 

The Committee met according to adjournment present Jn*^ 
StuU Gov^ in the chair 

Sam^ Hughes Sec^^ 
George Zwingly Cha^ Sweringen Beard 
J ames Smith Andrew Eench J ohn Cellars 

John Eench Cap* Hagar Z : Cox 

Christian Orendorff 

On a motion being made & seconded. It was order'd That a 
Letter sho^ be wrote the Com^ of Correspondence in the Middle . 
District that it is the opinion of this District that the Battalion 
of Minute men for this Coimty wo*^ receive great advantage by 
being kept together & Instructed, & that this Com^ are desirous 
such a plan sho^ be fell on and that a meeting of the Three Dis- 
tricts of this County wo^ be advisable, & in case such meetl? shc^ 
be appointed to attend at said meeting with full power to Act ^ 
for this Committee in the afores^ business* 

Ludwick Myers complaind ^ Licence granted p^ 

I ^ 

Elijah Lackland ) 


Akn MiUer ^Licence granted 

( a writ 
Spangler & Hargate } 

Michl Taylor \jy^ 

Thos Lucket i 

Eich^ Davis v 

EHjahHue i 

Ordered that all those who have enroll*^ with Brook & 
Dement do join & form one Company & immediately proceed 
to the choice of officers. 

On motion of Thomas Frinck Sen^ to the Commitie of the 
Uper District of Frederick County that he hath been Often In- 
sulted by The Residents of the Uper Part of Frederick County 
by Refusing To Pay their PubHck Dues ; it is the Opinion and 
Advice of this Committie that they Ought to Pay their Levies 
and all their Publick Dues for the Suport of the Civil Grover- 

A motion being made by a Member of the Committie That as 
Sundrey Companeys of the Militia that is not yet Made Up 
and Enroled According to the Directions of The Provincial Con- 
vention and as the ^Tumber of the said Companeys Appeareant 
to be Raised Doth Not Ammount To Make up Three full Battal- 
Kons it is Resolved by The said Committee in Order to satisfie 
the^ Pof #lu» Thai am Ekctien b# for the Hagivsloim Bntalloii 
On the 23^ Day of October 1775 And for the Lower Batallon 
On the 30^^ Day of Oct^ (Inst.) and that the said Lower Batal- 
lon shall Transmitt a fuU and Cleare Copy of Their Illectiiai 
lur Ae Cmaniitit of Cwrespondmee foi The sski Destriet in Or- 
der that they May Transmitt The same to the Councell oi Bedty 
of this Provance that They May Take Order thereim. 

Comittie -Mjeumd to the 23^ In&i 

the Committee met on the 11^^ ^Tovember 1775 Colonell Jo- 
seph Smith in the Cheair Agreed that Cap* StuU Cap* Hog- 


mim Cap* Baker Cap* Rentcli Cap* Hughes Cap* Eersner Cap* 
Scryack Cap* Clapsadle be the &mt B«.ttallioii. 

Cap* Orendorph Cap* Sholley Cap* Williams Cap* Davis 
Cap* Smith Cap* Demand Cuf^ Sweringiii Caj^* Wallisg be 
the second Battallion. 

Whereas it has Been Represented to this Committee by 
John Swan that his Character has been much aspersed by a 
Certain John Shryack a^s having saith that he suspected the said 
Swan haveing been an Enimy to America the said John 
Shrack being call'd to this Committie and making nothing ap- 
peare aginst him the said John Swan is Honerable acquitted 
by this Committee of said Charge the CoHamittie ajoums to 
Mmdj thm 20 Imt. 

At the meeting of the Committee on the 19 of Nov^ 1775 

My James Smith President 
StuU Sweringen Zwingly 

Benrd Ja* Bwdi 31^ Hughes 

A. Bench 

Doc^ John Connelly of Fort Pitt & certain persons call^ Doc' 

Smith & Campbell were bro* before the Committee & accused 
of being inimical to the Liberties of America. Eesolved unani- 
mously that the said Doct^ Connelly (from certain papers pro- 
duced to this Committee and acknowledged to have been wrote 
by him) is a dangerous Enemy to the Colonies & as such shall 
be sent to the Council of Safety or Convention for further trial, 
it was also Eesolved that the afors^ Doct^ Smith and Camp- 
bell being f ©und guihy of many eqnivooe?ti©ns & com& in Com- 
pany with the af ores^ Doc^ Connely from the dangerous Coun- 
cils of Lord Dunmore that is the opinion of this Commtee that 
the said Smith & Campbell shall be sent to the Council of Safety 
or Convention for ftfrlicer enqTiiry. 



The Committee adjourns till the 1^* Monday in Dec^ber. 

The Committee met according. 


Mr Jas Smith in the Chair 
Christian Orendurff Andrew Eench G. Zwingly 
John Eench 0 : Sweringen S : Hughes 

John Fry ^ 

* V Licence granted for a Writ 

Philip dinger ) 

Francis Esylict 
Aron Bowman 

I Licence for a warrant in 8 days 

George Dangler 1 Ucence for execution 

Baker Gull &D: Gulp J 

By Order of the Commite Apointed Daniel Heaster To Arbi- 
trate and Award on An Affair of Oontroversey Now Depending 
betwixt William Sitssler and Christian Shneakenberger in the 
Koom of Cap* Johanathan Hager Desceaased 

Decebr the 4*^^ 1775. 
Licence Granted to John PuflSngberger To Isue sute against 
Michael Gonstater in a Plea of Debt 

Novbr the 4*1^ 1775. 
Ordered That Sam^ Hughes and Andrew Bench do attend at 
M: Harrys on Thursday next in order to receive the Acco* of 
necessarys supplied the Rifle Companys & transmit the Same to 
the Treasurers of Philadelphia for payment. 

The Committe adjourn till the 4*^ Monday in this month. 
A list of Eifles appraised for Cap* Oresaps Company July 28 

John Miller £ 5.. 15.. 0 18 Bro* up £ 74. 0. 0 
John Grip 4.. 0.. 0 Peter Wheland 5. 0. 0 

Philip Stildibran 4.. 5.. 0 Ernest Deeds for 5. 5. 0 
Henry Ealglezer 4.. 0.. 0 Jn® Tombl^on 
Philip Lear 4.. 15.. 0 Jacob Roarer by 

FredEoar^ 5. 0. 0 





Benj. Mnsselman 





Christian Coogle 





Doct^ Hart 




~T% J. TXT J. 

Peter Wertz 




John Boarer 





xno" oims 



Christian Heward 




H^ry lost 





John Boozer 









John Oarepeny 




rec oy w -cjngiisn 




Dan^ Miller 


10. 0 

Francis Waggoner 




Stephn Tilery 




Delman Wilshaps 

Jacob Shivley 




son in Law 





Christian Shank 




Henry Eoland 




Nicholas Vemer 




Andrew Dickson 




Daniel Stutsman 




one l\!rore 




Jacob Peter 




Philip Erhard 




18 car^ up 


. 0.. 


33 Guns : 

£143. 15. 


Eec^ July the 27, 1775 of the Oonunittee of Elizabeth Town 
district Thirty two Rifle Guns appraised at one Hundred & 
Thirty seven Pounds fifteen shillings for the use of my Com- 
pany which I do hereby promise to pay to the said Committee 
as soon as I am enabled so to do by receive money of the Conti- 
nental Congress 

I say rec^ P^ me 
(signal) Michael Cresap. 
ditto rec*^ another Eifle Gun appraised at £5.0.0. 

p me 

(Signd) Michael Cresap. 
The above is an exact Copy of the Voucher sent to Philadel- 
phia by M^ Hester. 

Sam^ Hughes. 

]Sr<> 2 Francis Waggoner 3 Eifles £ 15. 0. 0 

sign'd ^ Cap* Price 

d*^ Gun Smith work 

sign'd by Leiu* Davis 4. 3. 3 

£ 19. 3. 3 



3 Thames Swnis* ion Dry Goods 

sign'd by Leiu* Davis 5. 13* 5 

4 BafeerCoal 

sign'd by Cap* Cresap 15. 15. 0 

5. George Dile 2 Rifles sign'd by Cap* Price 9. 0. 0 

6. Cassandra Williams for maks H. Shirk for 

Cap* Cr«fi»|« Go p»©ved hefBve StuU %1X 0 

7. Henry Twtroter % D©er skins 

sign'd by Leu* Davis 45/ 
d^ maks 1 p^ Breeches 1*^ by 

Lien* Bfffi*few 15. 0 

8 Jno Edwards sign'd ty L«u* Daw# 10. 6. 10 

9 Mathias Ott 70 Eashons d<> 2. 12. 6 

10 Mary Kerr mak^ Caps Leu* Rawlins 2. 0. 0 

11 George Zin d» Leni^ Davis 1. 5. 0 

12 Ernest Deeds Gun Smith work d« 4. 16. 0 

13 Jacob Fisher Shot bags L* E!awlins 1. 6. 6 

14 Fred Roarer 1 Gun Cap* Price £5. 0.0-^ 

do 90 Eashons L* Cresap 3. 7* 6 V 9. 1. 8 
do L* Davis 0. 14. 2 i 

15 Martin Harry 109 Rashons L* Davis 4. 1. 9 

16 W^^Hyser 76 Rashons & Drink 

L* Davis & Rawlings 3. 12. 5 

17 Jacob Shriock L* Davis 0. 12. 0 

18 Cap* Shriock Rashons Cap* Cresap 28. 1. 2 1 29 2 8 

do Caps L* Davis 1. 1. 6 / 

19 Michl Fogler 118 Eashon L* Davis 4. 8. 6 

20 Jno Montgomery d® 0. 14. 0 

21 Peter Bell 90 Rashons (f* 3. 7. 6 

22 Jn^Ragen do 3.18. 6 

£126. 3. 6 

23 John Swm Btom Goodb Cap* Cresap 31. 2. 6 

157. 6. 0 

The above is an exact Acco* of the Voucher sent to Phil* by 
M^ Hester 

S. Hughes. 



December the 18: 1775 the Cominittee met Joseph Smith in 
the Ohaire Christan Orendorph Andrew Eentch George Swengle 
John Kentch John Cellar Conrad Hogmire. 

Agreed that Cap* Schryack is to have one pound of Powder 
and f omt pound of Led for WMoh lie was mSt m T§km Connely. 

Agreed that Each Captain of tire two Battaleons is to have 
two pounds of powder and six pounds of Led to be applied only 
to the use of the Publick in case of an Invasion and to be re- 
turned if Demanded. 

Agreed if Cap* Hughes Comes whome before the first Day of 
January "Next and Dose not Come to this Committee upon the 
Complaint of Le* William Hesser AAum Smith and John 
Oster he then shall be sent for. 

The Committee was called cm lie 10^ «f Jan^ 1776. Sam^ 
Hughes in the chair. 

Cap* Hogmire Cap* Kench Cellars 
Cap* Smith Zwingly M^" John Bench 

Cap* Sweringen 

Doc^ Smith (who made his escape from Frederids: Town) 
was bro* before the Committee, & seveml fetters of <5omsequence 
from Doct^ Connelly to the Enemies of America in the Back 
Country was found with him. Resolved that the said D^ Smith 
be sent under safe guard to the Congress. 

The Committee adjourns till Monday next. 

The Committee met according to adjournment 15 Jan^ 1776. 

Joseph Smith in the chair 

John Rench And : Rench G. Zwingly 

C : Hogmire Jn<^ Sellars Sam^ Hughes 

Jas Smith C. Orendurff 



ordered that Henry Tost be supplied with six Pounds of Powder 
at / ^-Ib. to prove his muskets with 

The Committee adjourns till the 1®* Monday in Feb^. 

The Committee meet According to Adjomm* on Monday the 
5th peb^ i77e 


John StuU Esq^ in the Chair 

Andrew Eench Esq^ Sam^ Hughes Esq'^ 

John Sellers Esq^ M'' John Rench 
Conrade Hogmire Esq^ E. Cox 

Charles Swearingen Esq^ M^ Tates 
Mr Geo : Swingler Beard 

Ordered that Thomas Brooke be Clk to this Committee. The 
Committee Proceed to the Tryal of Cap* S. Hughes and after 
Examination of the Evidences do Honorably Acquit him, they 
not being able to make anything appear against him. 

Henry Tost haveing been Charged with make^ use or Selling 
the Powder allowed him by this Committee to Prove his Mus- 
ketts, is Honorably Acquited, as he has fully satisfied the Com- 
mittee he is clear of the Charge. 

Ordered that M^ Basil Prather be recommended by this 
Committee as a Cap* and M^ Henry Prather as Lieu* to the 
Contin^ Congress. 

The Comittee adjourns to the 3^ Monday in this Month. 

The Committee meet according to Adjournment the 19*^ 
Eeb'^y 1776. 


Major Joseph Smith in the Chair 

C. Eagle 

Thos. Mercer 

Coll John StuU 
Major Charles Swearingen 
Major Andrew Rentch 
Cap* John Sellers 

Mr Jn^ Rench 

Cap* Chris^ Orendoff 

Oap* Conrad Hogmire 



Cap* Jn^ Cellers and Leutenn* McGlaughlin appointed to In- 
quire what number of the Country Arms are in the hands of 
Cap* Isaac Baker and to know what Order they are in. 

Ordred that Cap* Samuel Hughes have nine pounds of Pow- 
der to prove one of the Cannon. 

Ordered that Moses Chapline be reeoimne^ by this Com- 
mittee to the Continental Congress — as a person fitting to take 
command of a Company as Cap* in the Service of his Country. 

Ordered that Leutennant CoU Smith of the 36*^ Batalion be 
recommended to the Council of Safety or Convention of this 
Province as first Coll to said Batalion in place of Coll Beall who 
has refused his Coiimiission & Capt^ Orendoffs Leutennant 
Coll to said Batalion, and Jn^ Reynolds Cap* and George Kiser 
first Lent* to Cap* Orendoffs's Company. 

The Committee Adjourns to the first M<Hiday in March, 

The Committee meet According to Adjdrnment the 4*^ 
March 1776- 

Cap* Conrade Hogmire in the Chair 

Coll John StuU Cap* 8bxo} Hughes 

Cap* Jn^ Sellers Coll Andrew Bench 

M^ John Bench George Swingler 

Ordered that the following persons hand ab* the associations 

Thomas Brooke, Geo. Dement, John Charlton, JoAua 
Barnes, Jam^ Walling, John Bench, John Sellers, David Jones, 
John Bennett, Jn^ StuU, Sam^ Hughes, Peter MoUey, Daniel 
Perry, John Reynolds. 

Order that the Cap*^ of each hundred take an Association pa- 
per, and Present it to the Inhabitants of their hundred for Sign- 
ing, and make an Exact Acc* of those that sign and those that 
refuse with their Reasons for refusing. 

Conegochecque hundred excepted, David Jones, John Ben- 
nett, Balser Mudy & Matthias Oats being appointed for that 



Ordered that Coll Jolin StuU, Cap* Samuel Hughes and Coll 
J osoph Smith be Judges of the Election for Ae -Choice of Six 
members in place of Capt^ Hagar deceased. Coll Sam^ Beall, 
Coll Thos Cresap, Jos. Chapline, who refused Cox and 
William Yates who are taken into the uper hundred. 

Order that Henry Eoland be keep under a GiiArd ©f six men 
until] sent to the Councel of Safety for tryal, but in case he 
shall sign the Association Inrole into some Company, ask par- 
don of this Committee and give good Security for his good be- 
havior for tke future to fee pele«sed. 

Orderd that the Sheriff of Frederick County Obtain a Gener- 
al Warr* on his List of Puhlick Leveys ^d Clergy due last 

The Committee Adjorns to the 3^ Monday in this Month. 

The Committee met on Monday the 18*^ March 

William Beard in the Chair 
Co" John StuU John Celler 

Conrad Hogmire John Rentch 

Andrew Eentch Michael Fockler 

George Swingley William Hisser 

The Committe Was Called the 6^ of Ap" 1776 
Heny Shryock in the Cheir 

Colli And^ Eench M^ J. Rench 

Cap* Michl Fockler Cap* W^ Hyser 

Cap* J. Sdler ' C^ Lentz 

Was Bro* before this Committe Engell and Better Gansberger 
for Speaking onbecoming Words aginst tiae Association — ^after 
acknowledge their fault & Signed — 

The Committee Adgorns to the 8*^ of April 1776, nine 

The Committee Met According to AdjourmMnt daa 43ie 8*^ 
of April. Members Present 



Coll Beale in the Chair 

MF Charles Swearingen 

M.^ George Swingley 
M'* Christian Lance 
John StuU 

Michel Eockler 
Andrew Eentch 
Mr John Cellers 

Joseph Smith 

Christian Orandorff 

Conrad Hogmire 
Mr Joseph Chapline 
Mr William Beard 

Mr William Hizer 

M^ Henry Shryock 

Mr John Rentch 
In Council of Safety Annapolis March 23*^ 1776 — 

The great DiflSculty we find in providing Blankets for the 
regular forces raised for the Defense of this province obliges us 
to apply to the Committees of observation for the Several Coun- 
ties and Districts earnestly requesting that they would use there 
Endeavors to procure from the House keppers in their respec- 
tive Counties and Districts all the blanketts or rugs that they 
can with any Convenience spare for which the Council will pay 
such prices as the Commitees shal agree on as well as any Ex- 
pence, that may arrise in Collecting than together & when you 
have procured any Quantity you will send them to Annapolis 
to Coll. Smalwood or in his absence to the Commanding officer 
on the Station who will recieve the Same & give orders on the 
Council for the Payment thereof we hope that the friends to 
our Cause in the County will Contribute Everything in their 
power to the Comfortable Subsistance of the Soldiery in this 
respect, it will be an act of Great humanity and render an 
essential Service to the Publick. 

As the Gentlemen appointed to Licence Sutes live incon- 
venient to the place appointed to do business its therefore 
thought best to appoint others in there place — 

Resolved that Coll Joseph Smith Joseph Chapline Coll Sam^ 
Beale Jnr Major Henry Shryock Capt Hogmire Capt Eolkler 
& Cap* Hizer be a Commite appointed for that purpose. 


^ Order 

We are Gen*^ yr Obe* Ser* 
Dan of Sr Tho^ Jennifer P. 




In Consequence of the preceeding Letter from the honorable 
the Council of Safety of this province we have agreeable to 
their request furnished them with what Quantity of blankets 
& Kugs the Inhabitants of this District Can with any Conveni- 
ence Spare & a price Eitimated on them by this Comitee as 
follows Viz, 


Beard 1 Blanket 






J onn Jrarks 1 Kugg 





A 1 "r> J- 1 '4 "01 1 J. 

Andrew Kentch 1 Blanket 





oimon JVlyre 1 JJ^ 





Jrhilip Kymely 2 Coverlids 












(ieorge -bry 1 Blankett 





Fulty Safety 1 






Jacob Lazer 1 





Joseph Burly 1 Coverlid 






J OS Bierly 1 blanket 






Kicnard Uavis 1 






n mi a T> xl _ H X\n 

Coll Tho^ Prather 1 





Christian Ehour 1 





T 1 Cil 1 -( "r\n 

Leonard bnryock 1 1)^ 





Ebbert Guthry 1 Coverbd 





JL < 

v^' jtLiiier jl ^^overiio. 





Jacob Prunk 1 Bla* 






Jacob Ehour 1 






Ellon Miller 1 






Charles Swearingen 1 






Christian Eversoles 1 






DO 1 quilt 






DO 1 Coverlid 






John Ingram 1 Bla* 






Adam Grimes D^ 












Douglas 1 B* 




22.. 13.. 0 




Mathiaa Need 1 Elan* 





Michel Ott 1 






John Fege 1 Do 






Jeremiah Wels 1 Do 






Joseph Kentch 1 D* 




NO 34 

Zachariah Spires 1 D* 






Mathias Need 1 Do 






Heny Stertsman 1 Do 






George Swengle 1 Do 






George Hofman 1 






Jacob Breembaugh 1 






Jacob Do 1 Do 






Michl Miller 1 Do 




NO 42 

MictfDo ID* 






Do Do 1 Do 






Do DO 1 DO 






George Harfle 1 Do 


, 8., 




John Ehora 1 



, 0 



T)o T)o 1 "Do 






Crestoph Burgard 1 Do 


, 12., 




J acob Good Kugg 1 D* 


, 6., 




John Eench 1 D© 






John Stull Dr 




£ 14.. 



A Copy 

Received of Conrad Shitz 44 Blankets for the use of this 
Province which was delivered him hy the Committee of Obser- 
vation of Elizabeth Towm Bistrict. Received by me this 12*^ 
day of April 1776. 

George Strieker. 

Col^ John Stull received the remainder seven Blankets for 
the Use of the Province. 

Coll J. Stull deld ii2tt> Powder (belongs to the Publick) to 
Cap* Burgess in order to Prove the Cannon at D & S. Hughes's 
works — order'd the said Quantity remain in the Poseesiion of 



D & S : Hughes untill this Committee takes further order there- 

the Conunittee adjourns till Saturday 2 oclock — 

the Committee met according to adjournment. Present 
Co*^ Samuel Beall in the Chair 
Co^ Joseph Smith Co^ Andrew Rentch 

Cap^ John Keller IVP Christian Lentz 

Cap^ Michael Fockler George Swengle 

Cap* William Hisser John Eentch 

Co^ John StuU Cap* Oonxad Hogmire 

llj. Henry Scryack 

On a Return being made to the Committie that Philip Oster 
George Arnold Yost Vyland John Claper Jacob Rorrer would 
not Enrol they were seaid for to appear before them who 
accordingly appeare and Refused to Enrol where on they were 
fined and ordered to Deliver up there arms and to pay as fol- 
lowed in a month from the Date hereof Philip oster six pounds 
George Arnold three pounds Yost Vyland two pounds John 
Claper five pounds Jacob Rorrer ten pounds Common money. 

The Committee orders that Maj^ Henry Schryack and Cap* 
Michael f ockler shall Receive of M^ Daniel Huster what mony 
is in his hands for arms and other ITess^arys purchased here 
for Cap* Michael Cregaps Company gagnd ^ order of the 

To Mr Daniel Huster 

The Committee adjourns to tie 29*^ day of Apl 1YY6. 

Aprill the 29*^ 1776 the Committee met according to ad- 
journment. Present 

Col Joseph Smith Christian Lentz 

George Swingley William Hyser 

Sam^ Hughs Christian Oriendolph 

William Beard John Cellar 

John Rench Col^ John StuU 

Sam* Beall Jun^ Capt^ Conrad Hogmyer 
Maj. Charles Swerringin 



Sam* Beall Jtm^ chosen Ohairman and Jam^s Clerk appoint- 
ed Clerk. 

Appeared Major Henry Shryock 
Joseph Chaplain 

Resolved that this Committee do pay the Clerk seven kil- 
lings and six pence for each day that he shall attend and that 
he consider himeslf under the ties of Honour not to disclose or 
reveal the Secrets of the said Committee the Committee ad- 
journs to three O'Clock afternoon — 

The Committee met according to adjournment. On motion 
resolv'd that the several Returns of non-Enrolers and nonasso- 
ciators be considered whereon it appears hy a return made by 
Capt^ James Wallen that Henry Newcomer^ Christian New- 
comer, Jacob Warner, Jacob Martin, Henry Avey, George 
Widerman, Henry Hoover, John Hoover, Jacob Hoover Sen^. 
Jacob Hoover Jun^. W"^ Russel, John Avey, Joseph Bowman, 
Jacob Root, Sam* Tunk, Henry Funk, Jacob Knave, Henry 
K'nave, Jacob Stover, Adam Shuck, refuse to enroll according 
to the resolves of the Convention, and by a Return made by 
Peter Reed that Henry Funk, Joseph Funk, David Funk, 
Peter Sady Christian Troxall, Mich^ Caggy, Jacob Grove, 
Christian Cogle Christian Swats, Joseph Byerly, Adam Google 
Chrisley Google Jacob Lashier, Morris Deale George Hoover, 
John Hoover Jacob Sook, John Wagner Jacob Rowland. 

And by a Return made by Capt^ Henry Butler that Jacob 
Bachelhammer, Andrew Beadruck, Rudolf Brown, John World- 
ly Rinker, George Rinker, Abraham Houser John HufEer 
Yourst Garner, Peter Tourdy, and by a Return made by Capt^ 
Bazil Williams, that Joseph Avey, Christian Milles, Abraham 
Miller, Henry Miller, Clem Miller, John Rineheart, Samuel 
Blecher, and by a Return made by Capt^ Samuel Hughes, that 
Philip Smith, Christopher Hyple, Jacob Good Jun?". Christo- 
pher Good, Abraham Good, Frederick Spenhart, Philip Burger, 
Jacob Shockey, John Housecre, Mcholas Housecre, Peter New- 
comer, Michael Myer John Hoover Jun^. 



It is ordered tliat the Clerk Issue summons directed to the 
several Captains for the afores^ Men to appear before the Com- 
mittee of Observation at Hager's Town on the 7*^ day of May 
next, to shew Cause why they do not enroll and associate, agree- 
able to the Eesolves of the Convention, and shall not be fin'd 
and obliged to deliver up their fire arms except Pistols to this 

It is likewise ordered that summons do Issue as aforesaid for 
the following Persons to appear on the day aforesaid. 

Eetum'd by Capt^ Michael Fockler viz. Samuel Mayer 
Christian Rorer, John Punk^ Benjamin Noll, Henry Funk 
Jun'", Samuel Bachell Sen^, Samuel Bachell J^, Isaac Bachell, 
Joseph Rench, Herman Clapper. 

And also for the following Persons returned by Capt^ Mar- 
tin Kershner viz Adam Piper Michael Boovey. 

And also for the following Persons returned by Capt^ John 
Cellars viz, Jacob Broombaugh Sen^. Jacob Broombaugh Jun^. 
John Broombaugh, Abraham Gansinger, Herman Clapper, 
Christian Shank, Jacob Coughinour, Michael Shank, Abraham 
Lidy, John Miller Dunkard, Daniel Switzer, Martin Bachel, 
Andrew Postator, Dealman Washabagh, John Washabagh, 
Jacob Hupper, Jacob Studebaker, John Bowman, David Mil- 
ler, John Newswanger, Philip Jacob Miller, John Long, John 
Clapper^ David Miller son of Philip. 

Ordered tha^ Capt^ Baker make a Eetum of the Enrollment 
of his Company sign'd by themselves, 

A List of Debts contracted in Hagers Town by Capt^ 'Nel- 
son^s Company for the Use of the Continental Service due to the 
f ollowii^ Persons viz. 
NO £ S. D. 

1 Maf Henry Shryock 121.. 10.. 0 for 26 Eifles 

2 46. 19. "6 for Boarding & Dieting 

C^*, Iieut« and 26 



£ S. d. 

3 DO 1 Eifle Gun 3.. 5.. 0 

4 Hyser for Dieting Soldirs in Capt« Nd- 

son's Company 6.. 6.. 11 

5 Do for DO 8-10.. 7 

6 Fred^ Roarer for sundry neoessarioB fur- 

nished Oapt» ISTelson's Company 111- 8.. 0 

7 Scott for Sundries furnished Ckf^ H"el- 

<son's Company * 18.. 2.. 11 

8 Kudolph Play for Soaling 1 pair shoes 0.. 3.. 0 

9 Martin Harry for Dieting Capt^ Nelson^s 

Compy 30.. 8.. 6 

10 Francis Waggoner for 3 Rifles 12.. 15.. 0 

11 John Lee for Goods 6.. 8.. 4 

12 John & Lee 1 Rifle 4.. 10.. 0 

13 DO for Goods furnished 2.. 9.. 9 

14 Nsith} Morgan for Cash 0.. 17.. 0 
15. John Rape for 1 pair Breeches 1.. 19.. 0 

16 Georg Bond Sen^ 1 Eifle 2.. 15.. 0 

17 Martin Kershner 1 Eifle 5.. 15.. 0 

18 Tho^ Long for Dieting Capt^ Nelson's Oompy 7.. 14.. 8 

19 John Finglesharer for Diet 1.. 11.. 0 

20 Foah Hart for Doctor Stuff 0.. 11.. 0 

21 Fred^ Hyskill fot Tomhawks 2.. 15.. 0 
22. John Ragen for Sundries 0.. 14.. 6 

23 M^s Xnox for Sundries 0.. 19.. 10 

24 John Conn for Shoes & Leather 1.. 6.. 9 

25 Henry Tootwiler for Sundries 19.. 15.. 8 

26 Sarah Johnston for Sundries 0.. 9.. 0 

27 George Good for Horse hire 0.. 12.. 6 

28 Elisabeth Blackburn for making hunting 

shirts 0.. 15.. 0 

29 Charles Hatrick for Sundries 1.. 1.. 6 

30 Mich^ Fockler for Dieting Soi^iiPS 21.. 8.. 0 

31 Sam^ Young for Sundries - 3.. 19.. 3 

32 Stephen McCloskey for Shoes 6.. 10.. 0 



John Ousten 1 Eifle Gun 





Abraham Teetes 1 Eifle 





Wild DO 





Alex' McCiaUam Do 





Thos McCuUam Do 





Leonard Branar 2 Do 





Sam' Davies 1 Rifle Gun & 20 y** Idnnen 





Thos Macklefish 1 Eiflle 





John Scott lor 60 j'^^ Linnen 





John Miller 1 Rifle Gun 





Henry Souer D° 


. 10. 



Mcholas Hackay for Sundries 





Peter Bell for Sundries 







Tlie afregoing list is made out from Accounts laid before 
us the Committee for the Upper District in Fred^ County in 
the Province of Maryland, for necessaries furnished by sundry 
Persons for the use of Capf^ John iffelson^s Company in the 
Continental Service, which are attested & accepted by him, and 
which we have Reasons to believe are justly due, with the ut- 
most deference, by order of the Committee I am 

most Obedient 
Humible Serv* 

To the Hon^e John Hancock Esq'^ 
President of the Continental Congress. 

On Motion, that the Committee sit at Sharpsburgh, once in 
three Times, the Committee concurs therewith. 

The Committee adjourns untill the first Tuesday in May. 

Tuesday May the 7*^ 1776 

The Committee met B.eeorAm§ to adjoumm^t. — 
Members present. 



Coll Sam* Beale in the Chair 

Coll Andrew Eench 
Capt^ Joseph Chaplain 
Maj^ Henry Shryock 
Capt^ Conrad Hogmyer 
Capt^ Sam^ Hughes 
C^ptn Heyser 

Capt^ John Cellar 

Maj^ Charles Sweringham 

MF George Swingle 

J am^ Clark Continued as Clk 

Coll John StuU 

On Motion being made, that the following Enles be estab- 
lished viz. that every Motion be made standing, addressed to the 
Chair in decent Language and tinintermpted while delivering, 
no personal Disputes and Reflections to pass in Committee. ITo 
Question to be put and voted to, without on a Motion being 
made and seconded, the Committee concurs therewith. 

The Committee adjourns for an Hour. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. 

Resolv'd that this Committee do take into their Considera- 
tion the summons issued last Committee for the Appearance 
of Sundry Persons before them this day, to shew cause why 
they do not enroll and associate, and deliver up their arms, in 
whieh the Committee concurred, and proceeded to examine the 
Keturns made thereon when it appeared the sundry persons fol- 
lowing had due notice accordingly, and were ealVd in Turn and 
as such as have appeared have not or are not able to give any 
satisfactory Reasons to this Committee why they did not or do 
not Enroll and associate and deliver up their Arms, according 
to the Eesolve of the late Convention in December last are 
fin'd and proceeded against as foUoweth. 

Then the Committee adjourns for half an Hour. 

The Committee met according to Adjournment. 
The Committee adjourns to the morrow, to meet at 9 0' Clock 





The following extracts are taken from an old Oxford Bible 
(1728), in the possession of Mrs. J. Woodley Eichardson, of 
Harford County, Maryland. 

Thomas Lane Emory, Senior, was born in the year 1751 and 
died 2 May 1828, aged 77 years. 

Thomas Lane Emory, Jr., was bom in the year 1789 and died 
in the year 1835, aged 46 years. 

Thomas Lane Emory, Junior, was married by the Eev^ 
Bishop Kemp to Eliza Harwood Grant on the thirteenth of 
June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and 

Eliza Lindenberger Emory, first child of Thomas and Eliza, 
was bom on Friday the 15*^ of Novanber 1816 at twenty min- 
utes after three o'clock A. M. 

George Lindenberger [Emory], second child of Thomas and 
Eliza, was bom on Thursday the 7*^ of December 1820 at ten 
minutes after 12 o'clock P. M. 

Isabella Eebecca [Emory], second daughter of Thomas and 
Eliza, was bom on Wednesday the 22^ of March 1822 at fifteen 
minutes after twelve o'clock P. M. 

Thomas iMne [Em^y], second s(m of Thomas and Eliza, 
was bom on Friday the 25*^ of Nov^aber 1825 at 4 o'clock 
P. M. 

Daniel Grant [Emory], third son of Thomas and Eliza, was 
bom on Thursday the 14*^ of Febraary 1828 at % before 5 
o'clock P. M. 

Thomas Lane Emory died on 2^ May 1828, aged 77 years. 
Mary [Emory], sixth child and third daughter of Thomas 
and Eliza, was bom 24*^ October 1831, about 12 o'clock A. M. 



Thomas Lane Emory died on 5^ February, at 5 o'clock in the 
evening, in the 46^^ year of his age. 

Eliza Harwood Emory, widow of Thomas L. Emory died on 
Tuesday 15**^ of June 1852, at 2 o'clock A. M. in the 57*^ year 
of her age. 

Daniel Grant [Emory], third son of Thomas and Eliza was 
married at Glencoe, Baltimore County, on 2^^ of October 1855, 
by Eev. D'' William E. Wyatt^ to Emma Kooali-ej daughtesr of 
William J. Ward. 

Emma Eosalie, their first child was bom 27 July. 1856, and 
died 18 February 1858. 

Lillian Grant, their second child was born 20 October 1858. 

Emma Rosalie, wife of Daniel Grant, died 24 October 1858. 

Thomas Lane, second son of Thomas L. and Eliza H. Emory, 
died 28^ of October, 1863, in ITew Orleans, La. 

Eliza Lindenberger Emory, eldest child of Thomas L. and 
Eliza H. Emory, died 22 November 1863. 

John Sanderson Price was married by Rev. Charles C. Graf- 
ton at St, Paul's Church, Baltimore, 13 Oct. 1859, to Mary, 
third daughter of Thomas L. and Eliza Harwood Emory. 

Ezekiel Forman was married 24 January 1756 to Augustene 

Oapt. John Emory, Jun., died 11^^ of January 1761, aged 
six[ty] and three years, and was buried 14^^ of same month — 
the text of his fimeral sermon was taken out of the 112*^ 
Psalm, 7*^ verse. 

Daniel Grant died 29*^ of June 1816, in the 83^^ year of 
his age. 




(Continued from Vol. XII, p. 41.) 

April 10th 1764, [109] 
The 4*^ Ins* I Eeced y^s of the 27*^ of last Jan^y yrs of Octo : 
11th ^sfov^ 12*^ Dec^ 1763 I answered by mine of Jan^y 9*^ 
10th & i6tli YeW 27th & 28th 1764: I beg you will always ack- 
nowledge the Eeceit of my letters by mentioniner their Dates. 
I wonder in particular you take no notice of mine of the 8th of 
last July relating to the Arcadians & of Sept : 24th relating to 
IVP Eeresby, you have too good a heart not to have done wt was 
incumbent on you as to both, I must therefore attribute y^ 
silence to forge tfulness. As to y^^ of the 27th of last Jan^y, M'* 
Bakers letter to you speaks him to be a man of sense & Hon^ : 
I would not have you insist on a larger sum in hand with the 
Lady than it may be convenient to him to lay down as he is will- 
ing to pay Intert for the fortune he may agree to give his 
Daughter until he can pay the principal & as he more over 
promises at his Death to make his Daughter share equally his 
Estate real & personal with his sons. I approve the general 
Terms given to 31'' Baker, but take care tht by the Settlemt you 
do not give a certainty for an uncertainty, tht tht Settlement 
be not binding but in proportion to the Sum you may now or 
hereafter receive with the Lady & tht ^ proper distinction be 
made in the Settlement between the Jointure to be made for the 
sum paid in hand or the Intert to be paid you annually on such 
Sum & the Jointure to be made on wt may fall to you at il^ 
Baker's Death tht difference being very obvious. In this you 
will make similar Cases the Rule to direct you. Considering 
the Low Intert on our Funds I think 6 ^ Qt an ample settlemt : 
especially if you sh^ have Issue by the Lady for I think a mother 
sh^ as well as a Father contribute to the Establishmt of her 
Children. But if Baker sh^ insist on 8 ^ Ct to make you 
happy I consent to it. In mine of the 9th of Jan^ 17 64 I told 



you I was willing if the Lady's fortune could demand it to make 
my whole fortune Liable to the scttlem* & jointure* This I con- 
firm & I leave it entirely to you to act what is reasonable accord- 
ing to the Advice of y^ friends. I proposed upon your coming 
to Maryland to convey to you my manner of Carrollton 10000^ 
& the Addition thereto called Addition to Carrollton 2Y00^ now 
producing annually £250 Ster^ & greatly improving as not nigh 
haK of the 12700^ is let, & w* is let, is let to Tenants at will & 
my share of the Iron Works producing at least Annually £400 
SterS. If this sh^ not be deemed a sufficient settlem^ & Gift to 
you & Security for the Lady^s Jointure I am willing to add on 
my Death my manner of Doohoregan 10000^ & 1425^ called 
Chance adjacent thereto, on w^^ seats the Bulk of my ifegroes 
are settled. 

If you sh^ marry Miss Baker & not have Issue Male by her I 

think it would not be prudent to engage y^ Eieal Estate to Daugh- 
ters as out of y^ personal Estate you may make a Settlem* on y^ 
Daughters proportioned to their mothers fortune. In case you 
sh^ survive Miss Baker you will take care, not so to engage as to 
lay y^self under unreasonable Covenants detrimental to y^ 
future ease & happiness. As I have said upon y^ return to 
Maryland I will give you my Mannor of Carrollton & the Addi- 
tion thereto & my share of the works I will also settle on you 
my Manner of Doohoregan & Chance & the slaves thereon on my 
Death. As you are my only Child you will of Course have all 
the Residue of my Estate on my Death. In short to obviate as 
much as it is in my power every objection & to hasten the Match 
& y^ return to me w^^ I hope may be in the next fall, I hereby 
bind myself to confirm by any Articles w^*^ may be sent me w^ 
I have engaged to do by this & my letter of the 9*^ of last JanT, 
& I desire this & y^ Letter may be Lodged with M^ Baker or M^' 
Tuite as a security for my so doing. If anything more sh^^ be 
required from us w^^ you & those you may consult may think 
reasonable to be done, I leave you at liberty to engage to do it, 
& I think M^ Baker may confide in any Engagement you will 
enter into as my whole Estate will fall to you at my Death. 
I much approve the Comp* : you keep. I shall endeavour to 



oblige Hussey witli a Buck^ but I cannot absolutely promise 
it, as I could not in the last Season procure for myself more 
than two fine Haunches. I have presented y' Comp*® as desired. 
I am well, but y^ Complaints give me pain. I hope they in a 
great measure proceed from the Anxiety y'^ passion for Miss 
Baker gives you. I wish a happy Issue to it & th* y' health may 
be perfect & th* God will bless you in everything w*^^ may con- 
tribute to y^ Temporal & Eternal wellfare. I am My 
Charley Mo : Aff^e Father. 

19 April 1164:. [110] 


In my last by Kelly I acknowledged the receipt of y^ letter 
of the 9 JanrJ". I wrote to M^ Baker upon the occasion & sent 
him enclosed a copy of y^ letter what follows was the substance 
of mine to that gentleman. 

That as I had received y^ consent to pay my addresses to his 
daughter, there now remained only two things to be settled : the 
marriage settlement & the young ladys going to America, which 
if she refused, or her Parents should have an objection to, I then 
must lay aside all thoughts of the match: that if M^^ Baker 
could not bare the thoughts of parting with her daughter, & was 
determined not to part with her, it would be improper to intro- 
duce me to the young lady, since it would be impossible, con- 
trary to her mother's will to persuade Miss Baker to accompany 
me to America : that tho^ it were possible I should not chuse to 
persue my own happiness in opposition to a Parents will, nor 
wish to succeed if my success should make that Parent re^hed 
& unhappy. 

M^ Baker returned no answer to my letter as he was upon the 
point of coming to town when he received it. Upon his arrival 
I waited on him to know his determination. He advised me to 
return as soon as possible to Maryland, since you seemed so 
desirous of my returning as it was very natural you should : his 
daughter, he said, would be over in May or June: that if I 
thought proper, I might see her, and if upon a further acquaint- 
ance, we should like each other, I might return 3 or 4 years 
hence (for that would be time enough) & marry his daughter : 


he mentioned not one word about the settlem*, but I know he 
thinks it insufficient, and indeed so does a lawyer of my ac- 
quaintance with whom I talked upon that subject. 

But had Baker had no other objection to the match but the 
quantum of the settl* to be made on his daughter, he would have 
had some conversation with me on that head : but I could plainly 
see, by the above speech & by his manner^ that he was not very 
desirous of its taking place: and I am sure I am not, upon the 
condition of returning three or 4 years hence to Europe on a 
wild goose chase. What certainty is there that the lady will 
remain for 4 years of the same opinion or rather how probable 
is it she will not ? I do not care to entangle myself in any such 
engagement; in short I have dropt all thoughts of Miss Baker, 
whom I wish extremely well to & married to a man worthy 
of her. 

I hope to be with you about the latter end of Sept^. I do not 
chuse to arrive sooner in Maryland on account of the heats : the 
remainder of my time here I shall spend in perfecting myself 
in the practical part of surveying & making necessary prepara- 
tions for my voyage. I have sent you over the American Act, 
and a Pamphlet entitled consideration on the penal laws against 
E-om : Catholicks : I sent by Lee Wards medicines & gave 
him the instructions in writing for taking those medicines : I 
have been indisposed all this last week with a cold attended with 
a fever & cough : my f eaver is entirely gone off, there remains a 
little cough : these colds are very rife at present : had it not been 
for this indisposition I should have finished the journal of my 
last Tour: as I only took short notes of things as I went along 
to refresh my memory it requires time to enlarge them & to dis- 
pose them in such order as may give some little entertainment 
in the reading: If I cannot finish the Journal time enough to 
send it by Hanson, I shall send it by some other ship or bring it 
in with me. Pray present my compliments to my cousin Each : 
Darnall & her daughter, to M.^ John Damall & Sons & to Rich : 
Cfoxall. I am dear Father 

most loving Son 
Ch: Carroll. 



P. S. this letter was ready to go by Hanson : but M.^ Perkins 
gave me no notice of his sailing : he told me indeed a week before 
Hanson sailed, that he imagined he would sail in about a fort- 
nights time: how easy was it for M'* Perkins to have sent me 
word by a penny post letter or by his Servant that his ship was 
ready to sail ? the only excuse for his neglelct is that he imagined 
as I had wrote so lately by Kelty I had no letters or parcels to 
send : I am not certain how this letter will go : perhaps by the 
New York packet. Buchanan tells there is a ship going in a 
fortnight: I shall send by the cap* of that ship ; the Pamphlets, 
newspapers, & magazines; & my accounts. 

1 May 1764. [Ill] 


I wrote to you the 19 of last month and in that letter informed 
you of my having laid aside all thoughts of Miss Baker: as that 
letter may miscarry I shall here give you the substance of it. 

When I communicated y^ letter to Baker, wether dissatis- 
fied with the settlement you proposed to make or unwilling to 
part with his daughter, he advised me to return as soon as possi- 
ble : he added, to soften, I suppose this piece of advice, that if 
upon a further acquaintance I continued to like his daughter, 
& she me, that I might return to England 4 or 5 years hence : 

By this you plainly see M^ Baker is averse to the match: is 
it probable that a young lady will retain her affection 4 years 
for a gentleman with whom she can be but slightly acquainted, 
& from whom she will be separated by the Atlantick ? besides it 
would be imprudent in me to enter into any such engagement : 
I may meet with some young lady in Maryland whom I may 
like, & in that case I should chuse to settle without loss of time : 
the sooner, the better, for then I might live to bring up my chil- 
dren: if I stay till I attain the age of 36, the chances of my 
living so long, are against me as I am of a thin & puny habit 
of body. 

6 ^ C* is too slender a settlement : A Lawyer of my acquaint- 
ance told me it was common to settle upon the wife at the rate 


of 8 ^ & sometimes 10 : this holds where the wife brings 
with her no very considerable fortune : but when her fortune is 
large, it is then usual to settle part of her own fortune upon her. 

I hope, Deo juvante, to be with you about the latter end of 
Septb^. I am willing to perfect myself in the practical part 
of surveying before my departure: besides, I am apprehensive 
of the summer heats & am desirous of avoiding them in com- 
ing in : I shall be gradually prepared for lie beat of the sum- 
mer following. 

I cannot get my Journal finished to send it by this oportuni- 
ty: I have wrote out my Acco^ but find such a deficiency or 
rather difference between my expenses & receipts that I am 
ashamed to send them. I cannot otherwise account for this 
great deficiency which which amounts to near £60 but by my 
negligence, only my forgetting to set down regularly my ex- 
penses: however the main articles of expense are all set down: 
I shall bring them in with me, as also the aco* of what I spent 
in my late tour thro' Holland & France. 

I sent you by Lee Wards medicines & the directions for 
taking of them: but as Lee may have lost these directions, 
I shall here insert a copy of them: 

for the fistula paste 
Take the bigness of a nutmeg night & morning and two tea 
spoonfuls of sweet oil immediately after, no visible operation, 
to live as usual. 

The dropsy powders ; one to be taken, every two days ; such 
as have not taken them before, are to begin with half a powder 
to be taken in a little mountain, after every operation drink 
a little broth or water gruel, the less they drink the better. 

this accompanys the magazines, newspapers, the American 
Act, & the considerations on the penal laws against the Eo: 
Cath: I desire my compliments to Mrs. Darnall, ]\P Darnall 
& Sons, Eich : Croxall, & Harry Carroll. I am Papa 

most affectionate loving Son 
Ch: Carroll 




May 30, 1Y64 [112] 

Dr Papa 

This goes by Capt. Lewis I had same thoughts of sailing 
with him, but could not get ready for the time of his depar- 
ture ; and indeed if I could have been ready, I should not have 
chose to have sailed so soon, as I should then have got in the 
very midst of the hottest weather. 

I have not as yet been able to go out into the fields to learn 
the practice of surveying: Bateman the Surveyor, whom 
Conley has recommended to me as the properest person for 
my purpose, has been these 5 weeks past down in Surry: sev- 
eral letters have been sent to him and as no answers have been 
received, we imagine the letters have never been delivered: to 
morrow I shall set out myself in quest of him, and if I have the 
good luck to meet with him, I shall fix the time for his attend- 
ing me. the usual & settled price is half a guinea a day and 
Bateman is to find men to carry the staffs & chain & bear 
their expenses: Conley thinks Bateman much preferable to 
any other, as he has an easy & clear manner of expressing him- 
self & communicating his ideas, and will take pains to make the 
young Practioner well acquainted with the business. 

Before this comes to hand, you will have learnt by mine of 
the 19 April the issue of the intended match tis entirely broke 
off, the mother could not bear to part with her daughter : I can 
not say my disappointment gives me any great uneasiness; I 
might perhaps have liked the young lady in time & upon a 
farther acquaintance, but I knew too little of her to be in love. 

If I can get a ship about 5 weeks hence bound to Maryland, 
I shall certainly take my passage in her* I believe M'' Buchan- 
an will bear me company. Should there be no vessel ready to 
sail about that time I may perhaps sail in the 'New York packet 
notwithstanding the inconveniences of such a round about 
Voyage, for I am determined, if possible to be at Annapolis 
in Sepf. this may be my last letter to you from London; 
wishing you y'^ health and an happy meeting I am D'' Papa 
most affectionate & dutiful son 

Ch: Carroll 


P. S. 

Cap^ Lewis has got a little 
packet for you containing my Journal 

and the newspapers: Cap* Lewis has been very civil to me, I 
desire you will return his civilities & if convenient invite him 
to dine with you: 

26 July 1764 [113] 


I have at last pitched upon a ship : she is called the Ejandolph 
Capt. Walker & sails for James River in Virginia: the Cap* 
is not certain as to the time of his sailing hut imagines it will 
be about the middle of September at farthest. 

I shall leave behind me all my heavy Bagg^ to be shiped on 
board of Hanson and only take with me my Cloaths : 

I am much obliged to you for letting me settle at the rate of 
8 ^ But that affair is entirely broken off nor do I chuse 
to renew it^ tho' I had some time ago a very fair opening: but 
the young lady has been bread up with very high notions not 
at all answerable to her fortune, a domestick wife not so fond 
of show and parade, who is not above the business of her family, 
will best suit me: the mother is a vain empty woman, who 
knows but the daughter may take after her^ I do not chuse 
to run the risk. 

I sent the letters & papers concerning the neutrals to the 
Coffee house as directed : but as the Duke of Jfivernoro had left 
London sometime before they came to hand and as most of the 
differences between the two Courts were then compromised & 
settled, I imagin all application from the poor neutrals will 
meet with little or no success. 

I shall call upon M'^ Sitwell before my departure & press 
him to do something for Eeresby. Since my last I have 
been down in Sussex with a Surveyor to Survey lands. I have 
surveyed about 150 acres of which I kept a field book & have 
since protracted my work on Paper I think I understand the 
theory perfectly well, & a little more practice will make me 
quite master of the business, I shall go out once more into the 
the field with the Surveyor. 



Crookshanks has been in town some time past: he was 
under a necessity of leaving Paris when the last oath was ten- 
dered to all Jesuites under the Jurisdiction of the Prosecut- 
ing Parlia*^. all those who refused to take the oath were com- 
pelled to leave the kingdom : the oath was of such a nature that 
one only excepted, thought he could reconcile it to his con- 
science: however all men thought it incompatible vdth his 
honour & dispise him for his servile compliance: he was a man 
of some eminence & had a large & extensive acquaintance with 
the greatest families in Paris, who have since looked so very 
cooly on him as to discountenance his coming to their houses. 

Pompadours death it was imagined would occasion an altera- 
tion of measures: but the same measures are persued & the same 
men govern. 

Crookshanks does me the pleasure to dine with me now 
and then : he always enquires after you & expresses a great re- 
gard for you, & I am convinced he is sincere in his expressions 
of esteem & friendship : the arrets were not published when he 
left France nor are they yet. I sent you some time ago the 
most curious Pamplets in vindication of the Jesuites which I 
hope you have long since received. 

As to political news during the recess of Parliament you can- 
not expect much : the minority still dine in AUbemarte Street : 
I hear some complaints about their expensive dinners, but the 
deliberations of the Senate do not transpire. I am of opinion 
they will oust the present ministry dispised and hated as it 
is by the greatest part of the nation: it requires great abili- 
ties in the minister, if unpopular, to stand his ground long in 
such a country as this. 

I have nothing more to add at present but my compliments 
to my friends whom I soon hope to enjoy: this will be my last 
from London should nothing particular occur in the interim: 
wishing that I may find you in perfect health I am Papa 

affectionate & dutif uU 
Son Ch: Carroll 



Hampton 8 Decern^ 1764 [114] 

Dr Papa 

I arrived this day at this place in good health after a tedions 
& stormy passage of a 11 weeks. We left Gravesend the 19 
Sept^ & had the greatest prospect of making a short passage 
till we got to Bermudas about the latter end of Oct^. We were 
driven back by strong north west winds & tossed about the 
whole nK)nih of Ifovem^ in so much we scarce made 100 leagues 
in our way in 30 days. 

I have brought all my bag^ with me, which is pretty con- 
siderable: One Campbell a store keeper has also a cargo 
aboard : I shall take the oportunity of shiping my bag^ on board 
the vessel that is to carry his goods: we intend going up the 
bay in her ourselves: it will require sometime to unship, dis- 
charge the duties, & reship the goods when we have hired a 
vessel : it will be I am afraid, near the end of the month before 
I shall have the satisfaction & joy of embracing you. A Serv- 
ant is just now going off to York & waits for this letter which 
is the reason for its shortness. I am Papa 
affectionate & dutiful Son 

Ch. Carroll 

P. S. I shall go to Norfolk to-morrow 
or the day following. 

Papa [115] 
Mr Hinson is just going up the Bay I take this oportunity 
to inform you I am well and shall sail from this place to- 
morrow or the day following if the wind permits ; I arrived at 
Hampton The 9 instant & wrote to you immediately at my 
landing. We had a long passage of 11 weeks. I have been de- 
tained here by waiting for a vessel to take two or 3 cargoes to 
Annapolis & other places up the bay. I thought it a good opor- 
tunity to convey my bag®- home. Hinson is upon the point 
of sailing I hope to be with you next thursday at farthest. 
I am 

Y^ affectionate Son 
Norfolk 20 Decen^>r 1Y64 Ch: Carroll 



10 Jan^ 1765 [116] 


I sailed from old point comfort the 26 of last month in the 
evening : before day we were opposite to the mouth of Potomack 
& were driven back by a strong north west wind as far as the 
souther most of the Tangier Islands, which with difficulty we 
weathered & came to an anchor that night between those islands 
& the eastern shore: the wind abating came to the southard 
next morning & we proceeded up the sound with an intent of 
passing thro' Hooper's or Cages streights: a Pilot we took on 
board undertook to conduct us thro the latter but being unac- 
quainted with the chanel he ran us aground by which unlucky 
accident we lost nearly 24 hours of fair wind & I have been 
deprived the satisfaction of being long since with you : the next 
day^ there being a high tide the vessel Was got off but the wind 
shifting to the north west we were detained 3 or 4 days in those 
streights : at length we extricated ourselves & anchored last fry- 
day morning off point lookout at the mouth of the Potowmack : 
that evening we got underway : at 12 at night it began to snow 
but the wind continued favourable : about 4 Saturday afternoon 
the weather cleared up & we found ourselves not far from Pop- 
lar Island: the wind began to head us & we were obliged to 
run in between Kent & Poplar Islands where the vessel still 
remains & is likely to remain as long as the frost continues. I 
landed with some difficulty last Monday, on Kent Island & rode 
to Sadlers where I was very hospitably entertained: I 
arrived yesterday at Brownes where I now am, & have met 
with the most friendly reception: I shall go over to M'^ Halls 
to day, who has pressed me to make his home my home while I 
continue on the eastern shore I was determined to go round the 
bay: but Browne & Hall have persuaded me to drop 
that -scheme as attended with a good deal of danger & as there 
is a probability of my getting to Annapolis sooner by waiting 
for a thaw. Hall has hired a man to convey this letter : I 
thought this absolutely necessary as you must be under great 
apprehensions on mj account if you have received my letter 



by Hinson who sailed from Norfolk 2 days before I left it : I 
am in very good health but vexed at my being detained so long 
from you & under great uneasiness from the anxiety I am sen- 
sible you must feel for my safety: Pray remember me to my 
Cousin Each : Damall & all my friends I am D'^ Papa 

most affectionate Son 

Ch: Carroll 


I take this opportunity by M'^ Tylghman to inform you I am 
well but out of all patience with the weather: I see no pros- 
pect of the frost breaking up and am very apprehensive I shall 
be detained a month longer on this side the Bay: the eastern 
shore gentlemen have been very kind, I have been kept in con- 
tinual exercise ever since my arrival in repaying visits : I have 
visited Colonel Tylghman M^^ Blake at Wye, & have had an 
invitation from Colonel Loyd: he wrote me a very, polite letter 
by his eldest son, but there being then a prospect of a thaw; the 
bad weather setting in since I have not as yet waited on the 
Colonel & am doubtful wether I shall or not as his house is at 
a considerable distance. I have no cloaths fit to appear in 
by me. 

Edward Tylghman has sent me an invitation to come & 
see him: Eichard Tylgman, the colonel's son & Cook 
will attend me to his house. The Messenger returned here last 
Sunday night, he saw a man drowned in crossing Susquehanna : 
he had a pistole a day by agreement. I thought it better to pay 
the hire high as it was, than let you continue under the uneasi- 
ness and doubt of my bring safe. 

The vessel I came up the Bay in, lays within Kent point all 
my books, cloaths, & other baggage are in her. Pray give my 
compliments to all friends: and Mrs. Hall desire me to 
present you with theirs. I am Papa 

Affectionate Son 

Ch: Carroll 

25 Jan^, 1765. 



[The Maryland Gazette of Thursday February 14, 1765, 
has this notice; '^Tuesday last arrived at his Father's House 
in Town, Charles Carroll Jun'r, Esq. (lately from London by 
way of Virginia) after about sixteen years of absence from Ms 
Native Country at his Studies and on his Travels."] 


23 Dec^ 1768 [120] 

The Friendship you bear my Son (w^^ is Manifested by y^ 
Eemembrance of & Correspondence with him) leaves me no 
roome to doubt a letter from me may be acceptable to you, 
Especially as it will informe you that 'His Marriage was entierly 
to my Satisfaction & that I think He has a well grounded pros- 
pect of as much Happyness as Can be Hoped for in a Conubiall 
State. My Daughter in Law is very agreable, she has a great 
share of good sense^ a solid Judgement, she is strictly virtuous 
& perfectly good natured. I speak not what it may be thought 
I fondly wish my Character of Her is founded on a long & in- 
timate Acquaintance: She has lived with me since she was 12 
years old & in the Course of more than Seven years I have not 
had reason to Chide Her. Dissimulation is not very Common 
in youth, few at least at nineteen years are perfect in it. Have 
I not then Reason again to tell you I think my Son will be 
Extreamly Happy with His Lady. You must also know she 
was entirely His owne Choice, He had not the most distaxit Hint 
from me th* Miss Damall would make a good wife. They Can- 
not want, If they are toUarable economists, for I have put my 
son in Possession of at least £1000 Ster: p^ An™: He keeps 
my Books & takes what money He Pleases He lives in my House 
at Annapolis I am Retired to a very Pleasant Healthy Seat in 
the Country where I employ myself in Farming, Planting, 
Meadow Making &c Amus^mits very agreable to me, & vsten 



I want money I call on my son to supply me. Yon know my 
Son, I therefore shall say no more of him than that I am Happy 
in Him & that He seems to be getting the better of a Ptiny Con- 
stitution. In one of y^^ to him I think you advise him not 
to Hoard, I think He should live so as to make a decent pro- 
vision for younger Children & to leave the Estate to His Eldest 
son as Entier & in as good Plight as I shall leave it to him, 
for altho I see a large & independent Fortune will not make the 
Possessor if of a mean & Servile temper independent, yet it must 
make him inexcusable if He be not so. There is a great deal 
of Private & Family Affairs, But I flatter myself they will in 
some measure be interesting to you on my Sons Account. 

As I have taken the freedom to write to you^ I must say some- 
thing of Poor America, or rather of Poor England, for I am 
persuaded if she persues the Steps she Has takm she will Have 
Abundant Cause to Eue Her folly. 

By Considerations the Farmers Letters &c you must see wee 
know our Eights & that we want not P«ers to Assert them & 
to Alarm us when they are Attacked. 

The Stamp Act was A Eash & Inconsiderate measure and 
very prudently dropt. But the Act past at the same time 
declaring . . . instead of dissipating our Fears threat- 
ened us with a Eenewall of unconstitutionall Attacks on our 
Liberties & Properties. Those threats have been immediately 
succeeded By Acts Establishing new officers among us & impos- 
ing Duties on goods which we are not permitted to import from 
any other Place But Great Britain. 

As to the 1^* The Establishment of a Board of Trade, we all 
Plainly see that it is done to Encrease a Parliamentary depend- 
ance by the Creation of new Officers. To the same end are a 
great number of Troops kept up in America, not to secure our 
Conquests, for if that were the intention, why are troops em- 
ployed elsewhere than among the Conquered ? 

Is England or America most injured by the number of Civill 
& Military Officers & troops among us? The first spend their 
Sallaries, the other their pay in America, in this America is not 



injured: But if the Establisliment of unnecessary Officers, if 
the support of useless troops Creates a Servil and unconstitu- 
tional! dependence in the House of Oonamons in England, is not 
England the greatest sufferer by the Measure? 

As to the 2^ The imposition of new duties, It may be urged 
that the Board of Trade at Boston is Appointed to prevent 
smugling & to secure the duties laid by Acts of Parliament. 
Does the Board of Trade, the Commissioners of the Customs, 
the numberless tribes of Tide waiters Land waiters searches 
A IsTavy of Sloops Cutters & Custom House Boates &c &c Pre- 
vent Smugling in England ? If not, will a Board of Trade in 
Boston or in Every Colony prevent smugling in America. 
Trade in its Nature is free, it is a maxim which I will sup- 
port by the following Tale which I read long since but in what 
Author I Cannot recollect The Dutch when Contending with 
Spain for Liberty, Prohibited by a Severe Placart the Furnish- 
ing the Spaniards with Navall or Military Stores. A Dutch- 
mann was Caught Transgressing & Oalled to an Acct. for it. 
His defence was th* Trade in its nature was free & open to all 
Mankind & that if He Could see a Prospect of Great gain by 
a Voyage to Hell, He would Venture the singeing of His sails. 

I will not S^ Attempt to Prove th* the Parliament Cannot 
Consistently with the Constitution, our Eights and Liberties 
tax us. That I apprehend to be done demonstratively by the 
Author of the Considerations & the Parmer, I have not seen 
that their Keasoning hm hem Attempted to be Answered, if 
Attempted, no such answer has Beached me. 

I think there are many strong Arguments to be Derived from 
Prudence & Policy which should in my Humble Opinion induce 
Great Britain not to Attempt to tax us. 

By what is generally asserted on y^ side the water you are 
beat out of all Trade to all Places Except to y^ Colonies by 
being undersold in Every f orreign Market by y^ Eivalls in 
Trade. If this be so it is immateriall to me to Enquier whether 
it be owing to the weight of y^ Taxes on the Luxury or high 
Price of the labour of y^ Poor Manufacturers. 



But under these Circumstances if Colonies be Chief y^ 
only Valuable Customers, is it Prudent is it Politick to drive 
them from you ? 

Every duty imposed on the goods you send us Opperates 
Apparently as a Bounty & Encouragement to us to Manufac- 
ture th* Species of Goods. 

That we Can Manufacture all goods w^^ you Manufacture 
is undoubted, & th* you will force us to do so by Present Meas- 
ures is Certain, Interest tho a strong is not the strongest motive 
to incite us to Manufacture; Eesentment a Conviction of the 
injustice with which we are treated, y^ not Answering y^ slight- 
ing our legall Constitution all applications to the Crowne for 
Redress A view of the Chains you have imposed, y^ Seeming 
Determination to Eivet them on us will Compell us to 

Eage & Kesentment operate beyond all imagination more 
forceably than interest, but when united Can they fail of pro- 
ducing the Effect w^^ you ought to dread ? 

Surprising & Astonishing was y^ progress of Manufacture 
Here Especially in the WoUen & Linnen Branches upon the 
passing the Stamp Act. The repeal of th* Act gave a great 
Check to th™. But th^ axe reassurred not with a noisy & 
Ostentatious Parade, But w*^ a sullen Resentment & deter- 
mined Resolution never more to abandon them. At th* time 
I manufactured a Sute of Cloathes for myself I wore it to incite 
others to follow my Example : I dropt my Manufacture & laid 
aside my Cloaths upon the repeal of the Stamp Act. I have 
this year Built a Commodious House for as many Manufactu- 
rers as will be able to Cloath between three & four Hundred 

With Contempt we read the silly & inflamatory Articles in 
many of y^ News Papers giving Acc*^ of the factious state & 
inclinations of the Americans to Break tiie Happy Connection, 
which has Hitherto subsisted between them & their mother 
Country, & we Pity the Credulity of those who Have sent troops 
hither to Compell us to Obedience if their fears have been 



feigned. I leave you to find an Epithet which may set their 
duplicity in the most tedious light for I cannot recollect one. 
Could they not distinguish between a steady & determined Reso- 
lution to Maintain our Eights & Eebellion ? Any measure de- 
viating from a stupid passive Obedience to unconstitutionall 
measures was by such weak Heads deemed a Eebellion There 
is a very wide distance Between Murmuring Complaining Pe- 
titioning & Remonstrating & Rebellion. I should think men 
who Have been Accustomed to the frequent tumults & insurrec- 
tions of Tinners Colliers Cole Heavers Weavers & Sailors should 
not be frighted out of their sense* at two or three trifling Mobs 
of the Boys & Rabble of Boston. 

America is sensible it is not yet time for Her Wantonly to 
have recourse to the Ultima Ratio Regum, However Grieviously 
Provoked she Has Appealed to Her Sovereign to the Laws to 
the Constitution, on these she Relys for the Protection of Her 
Rights & Liberties, should that Relyance be frustrated (which 
the suppresion of our Legislatures & many other Rash & Bold 
steps on y^ side seem to indicate) we Have it thank God in 
our Power to Bring you to Reason By the easy legall means of 
manufacturing & taking nothing from you unessentiall to our 
Existence. Perhaps many may do more & follow the Dutdi- 
man's Example by takeing nothing from you which by any 
means may be had Cheaper from any other Quarter. 

We have been informed th* the Different applications of our 
Colonies to the King have not only been slighted But that they 
have not been suffered to be Presented. Is it possible ? Have 
we not a right to Petition & to be Heared ? 
' Our Legislatures are threstned to be suppressed. That of 
Boston is suppressed for not Complying with a Ministerial! 

Would any Minister dare to tell an English House of Com- 
mons that they should not be sufiFered to moet that they should 
be dissolved unless they Complyed with measures dictated by 
them? Have we not as undoubted a Right to Legislation in 
our severall Provinces as you have in England ? would a Min- 



ister dare to treat us in so imperious a Maimer if He was not 
assured of impunity? Would He not treat you in the same 
mann^ Could He do it with the same Security? We cannot 
think you are Kealy anxious to preserve y^ owne Eights while 
you tamely see those of y'^ fellow subjects so flagitiously in- 
vaded. Are not such steps as distant as Heaven & Earth from 
justice ? If they are ought they not in prudmce & good PoUicy 
to be not only dropt & disavowed, But severely Censured by 
an upright British House of Commons ? 

Nations as well as individuals are Subject to persist in wrong 
Measures, it is deemed a Weakness, it is thought dishonorable 
it mortifies our pride & self Conceit to retract & Acknowledge 
an Error, in vain does the injustice of the Action stare us in 
the face or sober Reason Condem it. 

Should the Colonies by necessity be forced into a Counter- 
band Trade, Considering the vast Extent of our Sea Coast our 
numberless Navigable Gulphs Bays Rivers inlets & Creeks will 
it be possible for Great Britain to suppress it? What she in 
Vain Attempts at Home, will she be able to performe at such 
a distance? Trade is of a very delicate nature, it may by 
imprudent measures be forced out of its old Channell, But it 
may prove impossible to bring it back. 

Cast y^ Eye on a Map of America Consider the immense un- 
peopled tract, Consider the prodigious Rapidity with which 
it is setling will England in time to Come be able to Compell 
such an immense Country Peopled by miriads to submit to 
Arbitrary Laws on despotic ministeriall orders. 

Cast y^ Eye again, on the Map of America Contemplate that 
part of it allready Peopled with (in my Opinion) 4 million of 
Souls, should they be forced by ill Policy to Resistance & in 
time to Come th* may be the Case & should it be the Case, will 
it be easy, will it not be almost unpracticable to keep such num- 
bers and such an Extent of Oountry in due Obedience. 

Look on the inconsiderable spot which Constitutes the Seven 
United Provinces. The People of that Spot Baffled the Power 
of the House of Austria & shook of the Spanish Yoke. It is 



true France assisted them England assisted them. Should Eng- 
lish America be ever unfortiinately forced to take up Arms & 
be unable of HerseK to Vindicate her freedom, will not France 
Spain & even the Dutch Lend Her a Helping hand? Should 
such an Event be in the Wombe of Time what A figure will 
England Make bereaved of so much of Her Power and Trade. 

The Pretexts on side the Water for taxing America, are 
the Expence incurred in the last war by defending us, the Con- 
tinued Expence of a standing Army for our Protection, y'^ Heavy 
taxed & insupportable ITationall Debt. 

It is Certain we wanted no Protection ag* the insignificant 
Colony of Quebeck, we did ag* France. France Attacked us to 
Encrease Her Power & withdraw our trade from England. 
England supported us to Preserve Her Power & Trade self in- 
terest was Her view & only view. Our preseat treatment is a 
proof of Her Tenderness towards us ; 

Why are you at the Continued Expense of maintaining 
standing forces among us. They are Hateful! in our Eyes & 
looked upon by us as the Harbingers of Despotism : They ought 
to be HatefuU to you, as they Increase ministeriall influence by 
giving an undue & additional Power to the Crowne. If Forces 
in America are necessary they Can be only so in the Con- 
quered Colonies, if it be profitable to England to secure the 
Possession of those Colonies England ought to be at the Ex- 
pense of the troops necessary to secure the Possession of them, 
for Qui sentit Commodum sentire debet et onus. 

As to Taxes & Wationall Debt, that they are not both les- 
sened is due to y^ Corruption. The Debt gives a too irresistable 
Power & influence to the Crown & ministers for them to wish 
it diminished. While it subsists it is vain to Expect a Diminu- 
tion of taxes. America Contributed more than Her share to 
the Expences of the War Here, she Contributes more than Her 
share to y^ Taxes by the Consumption of y' Manufactures. 

Do you apply to us as Beggars, shew th* you are reall objects 
of Charity. Supposing a Drunken profligate able Bodied 
Sturdy Beggar should apply to you for an Alms would you be- 



stow it? When we see Princely Estates suddenly made by 
Contractors &c wlien we see numberless Sine cure Offices of 
immense Annuall Value Held, when we see great & unmeritted 
Pensions with out number bestowed to the 3^ & Generation 
Can you Expect that we Can be prevailed on to Gratify y^ 
Cravings or Contribute to y^ Profusion. 

What must be the end of this shameless long Continued Want 
of Honour publick spirit & Patriotism. Will not y^ Profligacy 
Corruption & versatility sink you into Anarchy & destruction. 
All States labouring under the same Vices Have met with the 
fate which will be y^ lot: That fate is impending it Cannot 
be far off ; The Same Causes will ever produce similar Effects. 

If I have given a true Picture of y^ present state & I think 
I have without hightning the Oculars or strengthning the Fea- 
tures (if y^ Dayly Papers Periodicall & Occasionall Pamphlets 
deserve the least Credit) are you not A people devoted to & on 
the Brink of destruction. 

I Began to be Acquainted with the world in the year 1720 
memorable by the Ruin of not only the unthinking adventurers 
in the South Sea stock But of numberless widows Helpless 
Minors & innocent infants : A year infamous to some very great 
Personages if it be true that they Profited immensely by the 
Cheats. Soon after S^ Eob*^ Walpole was made primier He Ke- 
duced Corruption into a Regular Sistem which since His time 
to the Present Period has been improved & founded on so Broad 
& solid a Basis as to threaten the Constitution with immediate 
Ruin & allready to have left to the People little more than the 
Appearance of Liberty Oould the Transactions of the Period 
I mention be exposed to Publick view would they not Excite 
Horror & detestation. If no roomc is left to the Present gene- 
ration to improve in Corruption, they Have in faction Aetas 
pejor Iparentum] Avis & I may with out pretending to be a 
prophet venture to say mox datura progeniem Vitiosiorem. 

I am sensible S^ I have said little or nothing but what 
must have occurred to you or to any Gent: of Reflection, But 
it is with the deepest Concern I have said it & with this Morti- 



fying Conviction that what I have said & all that more may be 
said on so Interesting a Subject will not be of the least avail. 
The Evill is so inveterate as not be Eradicated by Eeason Ense 
recidendum est for the state of Anarchy you seem to be in 
gives me grounds to fear the Constitution Cannot be supported 
by any others means than the sword. America has little roome 
to Hope that A People so regardless of their owne Liberty 
should be Attentive to Preserve Hers nor Have I the Vanity to 
think anything I have said Can or will Have the least Effect, 
for Altho you Have the Honour to be in a Publick Station Jacta 
est Alea, Our fate will be decided at least for a time before this 
will reach you. 

In y^s of Aprill the 3^ 1766 to my son, you write as follows. 
The Foreign states that Constitute a part of the British Empire, 
that is Ireland & America Belong to the British Commonwealth, 
that is to the King Lords & Commons. 

Pray S^ pardon me if I Call in Question the Propriety of 
th* Position. I Believe it would be flatly denyed by Ireland & 
that if you attempted to tax them, you would not find so duti- 
fuU an opposition, as has been persued by America. They 
would Hardly supplicate, you would Hear the Thunder of the 
Irish Lords & Commons. 

If you Have no more right to tax us than you Have to tax 
Ireland, why do you do it ? Is it because you think we Cannot 
resist ? That would be acting like a Bully who swaggers when 
He is sure of Comeing of with whole Bones. 

sentiment is quite new to me, nor Can I Recollect that I 
have ever met with anything Similar to it in any of Our His- 
tories or other tracts which have fell into my hands Antecedent 
to the Present Controversy Between England & its Colonies. 

I never understood the Lords & Commons of England Claimed 
any Dominion Their Province I have always Conceived was 
to advise the Crowne^ watch over & Guard th^r owne & Con- 
stituents Rights & Liberties, Grant their money. Bring Great 
Delinquents to Justice, Enact Laws &c. 

I look upon our Legislations to be every way similar to yours 
& that the <mly difference betw©^ ihmi Consists in y'^ superior 



Power (understood as force) & opulence. We are not Ctertainly 
the subjects of subjects. Our Constitutional! dependence on 
the Crowne is suflSciently & Effectually secured by its Appoint- 
ment of Governors & all other Officers Civill & Military by a 
Controul on the Laws passed by our Aiasemblies. 

mode of Expression in my poor Opinion^ Could not at 
any time be made use of with Propriety But under Cromwells 
Usurpation^ or in Case of a Change in the Constitution from 
A monarchicall to a Republican forme, then the Majesty of 
People the Dominion of the People might be properly Asserted. 

When I sat downe to write to you I little thought my letter 
would have run into such a length, it is not wrote with a view 
of Drawing an answer from you, it would be presuming too 
much, & Considering y^ occupations the task would be un- 

If in any Part of it I have expressed myself with too much 
Acrimony Pardon it : you see an old man may be warmed by a 
love of Liberty & of His Country, th* Love I have will recom- 
mend me to y^ Esteem which I sincerely Covet being very truly 

D^S^ Yi'Mo:obed*:& 

Mo: Hum: Serv* 
C: C: 


In the year 1785, Col. John Eager Howard and George Lux 
presented to the Commissioners of Baltimore-Town a lot of 
ground on the west side of the town " to be used as a place of 
common interment for strangers, poor people and negroeis, 
who shall die in the said town." The conveyance was author- 
ized by Chapter 37 of the Acts of Assembly of 1785, passed 
March 2, 1786 ; but no record of this transfer has been found. 




The following notices and adv^isements fram The Baltimore 
Daily Bepository will doubtless seem surprising to many, but 
they show clearly the need of this charitable " enterprise. 

To the Inhabitants of Baltimore-Town and Fells Point 

Whereas it has hitherto been a practice amongst the poorer 
class of people, and people of color, to BURY their deceased 
relations and Acquaintances, in several of the different Streets 
and Allies of this town — ^the Special Commissioners of the town 
aforesaid, having reflected on the circumstance, consider it a 
practice indecent and highly injurious to the said streets and 
allies so interred on, and believe it necessary to give this public 
notice, requesting the Inhabitants of said Town and Point to 
prevent, as much as possible, the like custom in future, as it is 
evident that most, or all the corpse[s], so interred, must be 
removed when the said streets and allies come to be regulated. 

Baltimore, December 20, 1792. 
Mr. Graham, 

Having observed, in the Baltimore Daily Repository, the pub- 
lication of the Special Commissioners, respecting the long fre- 
quented practice of interring corps in a number of streets and 
allies of Baltimoretown, and the necessity they are under of 
endeavoring to prevent the like custom in future, I am induced 
to make the following remarks: 

It appears that the Town of Baltimore contains by compu- 
tation, near 20,000 inhabitants, numbers of whom are members 
of no religious domination, and but in low circumstances, which 

John Mickle, 
James Wignal, 

John Hillen, 
John Brown, 
Jos. Townsend, 
Joseph Biass, 
John Coulter. 

Special Commis- 




prevent their deceased femng admitted in the burying grounds 
of the several different religious societies; and as they are re- 
fused the privilege of interring on private property, are obliged 
to have recourse to the public highways, for that purpose. 

It is cause of public admiration, that so populous a place as 
Baltimore^ and the well-known generous and humane dispo- 
sition of a large number of its inhabitants, should not be pro- 
vided with what is termed a PoUersfield; but as that is not 
known to be the case, would it not be expedient for the subject 
to come under early consideration of the several different socie- 
ties to make that necessary provision, as would effectually rem- 
edy the inconvraiaiiie complained of by the Special Commis- 
sioners ? 

A Friend to Decency and Humanity. 
December 25, 1792. 

Baltimore, January 15, I7a3. 

The Inhabitants of Baltimore-Town and rEiiL''s Point^ who 
wish to promote a POTTER'S FIELD, for the use of said 
Town and Point, are requested to meet at Mr. Starck's Tavern, 
TOMORROW EVENING at Six o'clock, in order to adopt 
such measures as will effect so charitable a purpose. 

It is expected that a number of each religious denomination 
will be careful to attend. 

[January 17] At a Meeting of sundry Inhabitants, at Mr. 
John Starck's, in Consequence of Notice given in the News- 
papers, for the Purpose of providing a Piece of Ground for a 
Potter's Field — the following Persons were appointed a Com- 
mittee, to receive Proposals from any Persons willing to dis- 
pose of a Piece of Ground suitable for the Purpose, viz., George 
Presstrmn, J oseph Townsend^ Thomas Dickson, Thomas J ohn- 
son, Isaac Griest, George Grundy, and / ohn Hillen; — and also, 
to lay such Proposals before the next Meeting, which is to be 
held at Mr. Starck's, on IHIDAT EVENING, the 25th In- 



stant, at 6 o'clock — ^wlien every Citizen disposed to promote so 
laudable an Undertaking, is earnestly requested to attend. 

January 25. At a Meeting of sundry Inhabitants of Balti- 
more-Town and Feirs Point last Evening^ at Mr. Starck's Tav- 
ern, in Consequence of tbe Eequest of tbe Committee appointed 
to receive Proposals for the Purchase of a Potter's Field — 
having received the report of said Committee, and agreed to a 
Purchase of a Piece of Grround for that Purpose, lying on the 
north Side of Hampstead-Hill, on Market-street, leading from 
Fell's Point, do now recommend to every Citizen to be liberal 
in their Contributions on this Occasion ; and to pay the Same 
into the Hands of the following Gentlemen, who are appointed 
to receive them, and procure Materials to enclose the Ground 
with a suitable Post and Eail Fence, viz. 

James Edwards, 
Isaac Griest, 

William Trimble, 
John Brown, Potter, 

Jacob Myers, 
Joseph Townsend, 

William Wilson, 
John Hillen, 
George Grundy, 

George Presstman, 
John Mickle, 

James Carey, 
Elisha Tyson. 

For Feirs Point. 

For Old-Town. 

West of Jones' Falls to 

From South-street to 

West of Charles-street. 

April 15, 1Y93. The Inhabitants of Baltimore-Town and Fell's 
Point, are now respectfully, informed, that, through the liberal 
contributions of a number of them, a suitable piece of ground, 
lying on the north side of Hampstead-hill, has been purchased, 
for the purpoee of Potters-fieldj which is now in readiness for 



the reception of such objects, as come uiider the notice of the 
said institution. — ^Application for admittance, to be made to 
Isaac Geiest^ Esq. and Doctor John Ooultee, of EelFs Point 
and Joseph Townsend, for Baltimore-Town, who are appointed 
to superintend the same. 

There appearing a necessity for another purchase to be made, 
for the aforesaid purpose, to accommodate the inhabitants of 
the west end of the town, as well as to inclose both lots with a 
suitable fence, it is earnestly requested, that such citizens who 
have not yet contributed towards this charitable purpose, would 
pay their subscriptions into the hands of the collectors, hereto- 
fore appointed to receive them. 

March 12th, 1917. — The regular monthly meeting of the 
Society was called to order at 8.30 p. m., with President War- 
field in the chair. 

The following persons were elected to active membership : 

To Associate membership : Mr. G. 0. Davies 

Under the head of necrology, the Recording Secretary re- 
ported that on February 13th, 1917, Mr. Peter Lesley Hopper 
of Havre de Grace, Maryland, died. Mr. Hopper was elected 
March 16th, 1892. On February 15th, 1917, Mr. Edward F. 
Arthurs of Baltimore, died. Mr. Arthurs was elected March 
18th, 1899. 

An interesting feature of the evening was the presentation 
by the Daughters of the American Revolution, through Rev. 
Dr. Henry Branch, of a copy of the Early Settlers of Mary- 
land, which had been prepared at^reat e^emse by the Daughters 


Mrs. Charles Marshall 
Miss Amelia MuUer 

Mr. Charles C. Caldwell 
Mrs. Letitia Pennell Wilson 



of the American Revolution for presentation to tlie Maryland 
Historical Society. 

Dr. Brancli re|(»red to the splendid work which the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution and the Maryland Historical 
Society are doing in collecting and preserving the records of 
Maryland and in inculcating a spirit of respect and affection 
for the history of our state. Governor Warfield on behalf of 
the Society accepted the gift from the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution, and spoke in glowing terms of the valuable 
work done by the Daughters of the American Revolution, " the 
greatest," he said, " of our patriotic societies." 

Mrs. Sipple in response ventured the statement that if the 
use of the book will give the Society as much pleasure as the 
presentation of it has given the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, the latter would be amply repaid. 

Mr. Spencer called attention to important gifts to the Society 
during the past month, and especially to the muster roll of the 
Revolutionary War, presented by Messrs. L. C. and IST. Lee 
Goldsborough. This muster roll and various other rolls in the 
possession of the Society were referred to the Publication Com- 
mittee for their consideration. 

Dr. Henry Barton Jacobs presented a letter from J. Mason 
Campbell, written in January, 1860, and dealing with the 
political situation of the times. 

The paper of the evening was then presented by M. G. C, 
Davies, entitled, Robert Smith and the Navy." The work of 
Robert Smith as Secretary of the Navy under J efferson in the 
upbuilding of the American Navy and especially in reference 
to the effective means taken in dealing with the Barbary States, 
was related in a graphic and interesting way by Mr. Davies. 
In doing so he stated that Robert Smith had practically founded 
the American Navy, and that he considered the achievement 
all the more wonderful in view of the powerful opposition of 
Gallatin, Secretary of the Treasury, and in spite of Jefferson's 
desires for economy. His description of the brilliant achieve- 



ments of Decatur, Trippe and other American officers, were 
interesting in an unusual degree. General Trippe, on behalf 
of the Society, offered a vote of thanks to Mr. Davies. This 
was passed unanimously. 

At ten o'clock the meeting adjourned. 

April dth, 1917. — The regular monthly meeting of the So- 
ciety was called to order at 8.30 p. m., with President Warfield 
in the chair. 

A most interesting feature of the meeting was the presenta- 
tion by the Colonel Nicholas Kuxton Moore Society, Children 
of the American Revolution, through their President, Mrs. 'N. 
L. Dashiell, of a very large United States Flag. The flag was 
unfurled by Master Lindsay Taliaferro, assisted by the fol- 

Miss Elinor A. Taylor Miss Alice Taliaferro 

Miss Virginia Turner Miss Isabella Staub 

Miss Eleanor M. Dashiell Master Lindsay Taliaferro 
Miss Mary Leeke Dashiell Master John Staub 
Miss Margaret Luckett 

Mrs. Dashiell spoke as follows: 

"It is my pleasure, and on behalf of the Colonel Nicholas 
Ruxton Moore Society, Children of the American Revolution, 
I present to the Maryland Historical Society, this United 
States Flag — ^Long May it Wave — o'er the land of the free and 
the home of the brave." 

After the singing of the Star-Spangled Banner, President War- 
field accepted the flag in the name of the Society, dwelling upon 
the very great pleasure which this gift afforded to the Society. 

The following motion was offered by Mr. Richard H. Spencer, 
which was passed by a standing vote : 

" That a vote of thanks be given to the Colonel Nicho- 
las Ruxton Moore Society, Children of the American 



Eevolution for the beautiful TTnited States Flag pre- 
sented to the Society this evening." 

An interesting addition to the cabinet was a portrait of Eev. 
Dr. George W. Burnap, which was presented through Judge 

The following were elected to active membership : 

Mr. Arthur W. Machen, Jr. 
Mr. E. C. Ballard Thruston 
Mr. F. H, Gardner 

Mrs. Mary Fernandez de Velasco Stump 

Under the head of necrology, Eecording Secretary Eadcliffe 
announced that on March 25th, 1917, Oolonel Charles Chaille 
Long died. He had been elected a corresponding member in 

On March 16th, 1917, Dr. Clothworthy Birnie died. He 
was elected an active member on November 14th, 1892. 

The Sociely then had the pleasure of listening to a very in- 
teresting pap^ by Mr. Daniel E. Eandall, entitled " Old Mary- 
land Olubs." Mr. Eandall gave a most interesting description 
of some of the old clubs in and about Annapolis and especially 
the Soutii Eiver Club, the oldest club in the county, the Tuesday 
and the Forensic Clubs. 

May IMhj 1917. — The regular monthly meeting of the So- 
ciety was called to order at 8.45 p. m., with President Warfield 
in the chair. 

Mr. Eichard M. Duvall acted as Secretary of the meeting in 
the absence of Mr. George L. Eadcliffe. 

Among the donations to the library was a framed colored 
print entitled The Stars and Stripes giving the history of 
the United States flag, presented by President Warfield; Mr. 
Wm. Beers of the Howard Memorial Library, New Orleans, 



presented several pieces of sheet music, some of which were 
published in Baltimore ; Hon. W. Hall Harris presented a vol- 
ume of the Baltimore Daily Repository/' 1Y92-3. 

The Peabody Institute deposited some letters and newspaper 
accounts of the annual dinners of the Maryland Historical So- 
ciety for the years 1860, 1861, 1862, and 1853. 

The following persons were elected to active membership.* 

Miss Inez H. Osborne Miss Varina J. Oorbaley 

Mr. James Carey, Jr. Miss Mary Gilson Koontz 

Mr. Edward A. Oockey Miss Margaret A. Steele 

Dr. Steiner reported the deposit of the Laws of Maryland, 
under the Act of General Assembly of 1885 as follows: 

Liber H. S. No. 1—1753-1768 Laws 

(Liber E. G. No. 1769-1774) Laws 

(Liber G. E. No. 1777-1778) Laws 

Dr. Steiner explained that these laws were looked upon as 
lost, and for that reason they do not appear in the published 
archives ; but those that were omitted would appear in Volume 

Mr. Dielman, Chairman of the Library Committee, stated 
that some of the Committee visited the Pratt House and made 
an inspection of the premises. Am|ie provision is made in the 
new building for all of the service requirements of the Society, 
except that of the general meeting room, and that the Com- 
mittee was unable to suggest any me for the rooms, other than 
as Chapter Eooms for the various patriotic and genealogical 
societies; and possibly for committee rooms for our standing 
committees and for a book bindery. One room on the main 
floor might he set aside as the office of the Secretary of lihe 

Liber L 
Liber L 
Liber BL. C. 

No. 4—1711-1723 Laws 
No. 5—1724-1731 Laws 
— 1'731-1762 Laws 



The President was, on motion duly made and seconded, au- 
thorized to appoint a committee of six, with himself as a mem- 
ber ex-ofl&cio, with full power to consult with the architects on 
finishing some of the rooms in the Pratt building, and to make 
arrangements for moving flie library and gallery of the Society 
to the new huilding. 

The President named as the Committee the following: 

Henry Stockbridge, J. Appleton Wilson, L. 05. Dielman, 
Ruxton Kidgely, Bernard C. Steiner. 

The Society then had the pleasure of listening to a very in- 
teresting paper by Dr. B. 0. Steiner entitled "Unpublished 
Maryland History from Fulham Palace,'' published in this 
issue of the Marylmd Historical Magazine, 


Matthew Page Andrews, A. M., a member of the Society, 
has recently written a text book for schools, entitled " United 
States History for Young Americans," which is attractively 
published by Lippincott in a duodecimo volume (pp. 368 + 48). 
It carries the history down to the b^iming of 1916 and is 
well illustrated. 

Marylanders have sufficient interest in the descendants of 
Sir Robert Eden, lajst Governor of the Province and first Baron- 
et of Maryland, to make a statement of the recent bereavements 
of that family fitting for the pages of this Magazine. Sir 
William Eden, Seventh Baronet of West Auchland and fifth 
Baronet of Maryland, died in the early part of 1915. His 
eldest son and heir, John Eden, predeceased him, being killed 
in 1914, while serving as Lieutenant of Lancers, " Somewhere 
in France." The second son, who succeeded to the baroaetcies, 



Sir Timotliy Calvert Eden, was in Germany at the beginning 
of the Great War and was held in a detention camp for many 
months, being finally released with impaired health. The third 
son, Robert Anthony Eden, the heir presumptive to the baron- 
etcies is a Lieutenant in the King's Eoyal Eifie Corps and the 
fourth and youngest son, William Nicholas Eden, was slain 
while serving at the age of sixteen as a Midshipman in the 
Eoyal Navy, in the battle of Horn Eeef or Jutland Bank in 

The Catholic Historical Review, VoL 3, p. 72, contains an 
interesting item by Eev. J. Hungerford Pollen, S. J., Balti- 
more House near Tisbury, Wiltshire, England." The article 
is accompanied by a half-tone illustration of the house, and 
a ground plan of the building, together with a description of 
the house and details of changes made from the original plan. 

The so-called " Early Settlers " list, being a record of the 
names of certain settlers in the Province of Maryland prior to 
1680, is an alphabetically arranged list of names, comprised 
within two large manuscript volumes, preserved in the Land 
Commissioner's oflSce at Annapolis. 

This list was compiled by one of the clerks of the Land office 
a few years ago from certain original records and from other 
records which are regarded as copies of the original. How- 
ever, the list is by no means,complete. 

The two volumes of " Early Settlers on file in the Land 
Commissioner's office are indices to Libers AB - H, Q and 4 
to 20 inclusive. Volumes 1, 2 and 3 are not included in this 
list, because these volumes were not accessible to the clerk at 
the time of his compilation. Besides these, there are to be 
found still other names of settlers in the Provincial Court Pro- 
ceedings prior to 1680, and in the Testamentary Proceedings 
prior to 1680, as well as in the Early Eent EoU for St. Mary's, 



Calvert, Charles and Isle of Kent counties. It is hoped that 
these additional names may be added in the near future. 

Fbajstcis B. C1J1.VEK. 

It will interest the numerous descendants of the Hammond 
and Howard families of Anne Arundel County, Maryland, to 
learn that the armorial seals, used by those families in early 
colonial times are still preserved, and the writer has made 
copies of them from the records. The authenticity of the arms 
being thus established, it will be possible, through further re- 
search, to settle the mooted question as to the origin of these 
two celebrated Maryland families, 

Francis B. Culvek. 

The Revolutionary number of the National Genealogical 
Society Quarterly (Vol. 6, No. 1), issued April, 1917, is very 
largely devoted to the publication of Maryland items, notably 
to lists of those who subscribed to the oaths of Fidelity and Sup- 
port. In an editorial note it is alleged that the oath was volun- 
tarily taken by the Free Male Taxibles." While we have no 
desire to^question the patriotism of any of those who did sub- 
scribe to the oath, it is obvious that such subscription was com- 
pulsory and not voluntary ; and the minutes of the various Com- 
mittees of Observation and Safety are full of instances of the 
disagreeable consequence to those who declined to subscribe to 
the oath. Conversely, it is not safe to assume that all of the 
suspects on so-called Tory lists were really Tories ; for it 
transpired in many instances that persons charged with dis- 
loyalty to the state, had already signed the test in a hundred or 
ieounty, about which the border lines were hazy. 

The Quarterly contains also interesting transcripts of Bible 
records, diaries and tombstone inscriptions, that should prove 
of value to genealogists and historians. 



The Editor of this Magazine desires to secure brief biographi- 
cal sketches of all Marylanders of prominence and especially of 
former members of this Society. Por many years past it has 
been customary to supply each new member of the Society with 
a blank form on which to record such biographical or genealogi- 
cal data as he may care to give for future reference. Less than 
five per cent, of these blanks have been returned to the Society ! 

It is very difficult to secure reliable information concerning 
those who have passed away, even within the last twenty-five 
years, and many professional people of very considerable prom- 
inence have passed away leaving little printed information as to 
their lives and work. 

Many of the so-called biographical dictionaries are practically 
valueless as they contain an undue proportion of sketches, 
adorned with portraits, of persons who were assured by the 
polite solicitor that the work would be incomplete without them 
(and their subscriptions), while the really prominent people of 
the period are conspicuous by their absence. 

Full names, and dates of birth and death are particularly 
d^ired, together with record of public services and private 
work or any other items of real interest and value concerning 
deceased natives and citizens of Maryland. 

Many of our members doubtless have preserved such data 
relating to friends or relatives and copies of any such material 
will be gratefully received by the Editor, who has already col- 
lected at the expense of great labor, a few thousand of such 
sketches, in the attempt to preserve from oblivion the memory 
of useful citizens who have done their part in the upbuilding of 
the City and State. 

The September number of the Magazine will contain a list 
of those Marylanders who have beaa especially honored by the 
State or Nation.